ARCOT

 

The Farukhi (Anwariyya) Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1750 - 1795 H.H. Amir ul-Hind, Wala Jah, 'Umdat ul-Mulk, Asaf ud-Daula, Nawab Muhammad 'Ali Anwar ud-din Khan Bahadur, Zafar Jang, Sipah-Salar, Sahib us-Saif wal-qalam Mudabbir-i-Umur-i-'Alam Farzand-i-'Aziz-az Jan, Biradarbi Jan-barabar [Nawab Jannat Aramgah], Subadar of the Carnatic. b. at Delhi, 7th July 1723, as Ghulam Anbiya Muhammad 'Ali, third son of H.E. Amin us-Sultanat, Siraj ud-Daula, Nawab Haji Muhammad Jan-i-Jahan Anwar ud-din Khan Bahadur, Shahamat Jang, Subadar of the Carnatic, by his first wife, Nawab Fakhr un-nisa Begum Sahiba, educ. privately. 'Umdat ul-Mulk, and Mansur Jang. Appointed as Suba of Trichinopoly April 1744. Fled to Trichnopoly after the death of his father in July 1749. Granted the titles of Siraj ud-Daula, Anwar ud-din Khan Bahadur, and Dilawar Jang, together with the Subadarship of the Carnatic Payeen Ghaut and a mensab of 5,000 zat and 5,000 sowar, the Mahi Maratib, Naubat, etc. by Imperial firman on 5th April 1750. Joined forces with Nazir Jang and the British in opposing Chanda Sahib, the French nominee for the Subadarship. Defeated by the French at Gingee in December 1750, and fled to Trichnopoly for a second time. Received an Imperial firman confirming his possession of the Carnatic and appointing him as Naib to Viceroy of the Deccan, 21st January 1751. Besieged by Chanda Sahib, the siege being raised only after the historic defence of Arcot by Clive of India. Recognised by the Treaty of Paris as an independent ruler, 1763 (recognized by the Emperor of Delhi 26th August 1765). Received two Embassies from King George III and twice called upon by him to hold investitures of the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath (Sir John Lindsay in 1771 and Sir Hector Munro in 1779). Raised to the titles of Wala Jah 1760, and Sahib us-Saif wal-qalam Mudabbir-i-Umur-i-'Alam Farzand-i-'Aziz-az Jan by Emperor Shah Alam II and to Biradarbi Jan-barabar by King George III. m. (first) 1737, H.H. Khas Mahal Nawab Khadija Begum Sahiba [Nawab Begum Sahiba] (d. 15th August 1772, bur. Hazrat Natthar Wali Dargah, Farangi-Gate, Trichnopoly), who had issue, five sons and five daughters, daughter of a paternal kinsman, Muhammad Ahsan ud-din Khan Bahadur, by his wife, Saliha Begum [Saida Begum], daughter of Mir Mansur. m. (second) Nawab Padshah Begum (d.s.p. before 1815, bur. Kalwa Mosque), daughter of Safdar Husain Khan, and grand-daughter of Zainal-Abidin Khan Jaddi, of Kalwa. m. (third) Khatuna Begum (d.s.p.).m. (fourth) Nawab Rais un-nisa Begum Sahiba (d. after 1801). m. (fifth) Nawab Zeb un-nisa Begum Sahiba (d. at Madras, 1836). m. (i) Lal Mahal Sahiba (d. after 1801). m. (ii) Khadija Begum (d. after 1801), sister of Akbar 'Ali Khan Haidari. m. (iii) Zarifa un-nisa Begum [Zarifah] (d. at Madras, 20th January 1847). m. (a) Pursan Bibi (d. after 1801). m. (b) Hamida Bibi. m. (c) Hadjani Bibi (d. after 1801), alias Bari Bi. m. (d) Amina Bibi (d. after 1801). m. (e) Kamila Bibi (d. before 1819). m. (f) Aisha Bibi, a Circassian. m. (g) Nafisa Bi, a Circassian. m. (h) Kulsum Bi, a Circassian. m. (i) Khadija Bibi, a Circassian. m. (j) Mudari Bibi. m. (k) Zubaida Bi. He d. form gangrene poisoning, at Madras, 13th October 1795 (bur. outside the gate of the Gunbad of Shah Chand Mastan, Trichinopoly), having had issue, eighteen sons and twenty-one daughters, including:
 
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