TRIPURA

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The Manikya Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1729 - 1739 Takhelnamba Maharaj Mukanda Manikya, Raja of Tripura. b. as Chandramoni Thakur, youngest son of Maharaj Sri Sri Yudha Rama Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his elder brother and ascended the tukht as Mukanda Manikya, 1729. Spent much of his reign trying to fend off Mughal encroachment on the remaining independent territories left to him in the hills. Captured and imprisoned by them in 1739. m. (first) Sri Prabhavati Rani Mahadevayu. He d. by suicide, while in Mughal captivity, 1739, having had issue, five sons:
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1739 - 1744 Bisam-Samar-Bijojee Mahamopadhyaya Pancha-Srijukta Takhelnamba Maharaj Hara Gauripada Sri Sri Yudha Joy Manikya Deb Barman Bahadur, Raja of Tripura. b. as Rudramani Thakur, a descendant of Chhatra Manikya. Ascended the tukht after the death of Mukanda Manikya, 1739. Forced to flee into the Motai hills after the invasion by Indra Manikya. Established his government there. m. (first) Sri Jasovati Rani Mahadevayu. m. (second) Sri Jayavati Rani Mahadevayu.
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1744 - 1746 Bisam-Samar-Bijojee Mahamopadhyaya Pancha-Srijukta Maharaj Gopinathpada Sri Sri Yudha Indrasya Manikya Deb Barman Bahadur, Raja of Tripura, second son of Takhelnamba Maharaj Mukanda Manikya, Raja of Tripura, educ. privately. Restored to the throne with the help of the Mughal Subadar of Bengal, 1744. Deposed after a short reign, ca. 1746. m. Sri Lakshmivati Rani Mahadevayu.
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1746 - 1748 Bisam-Samar-Bijojee Mahamopadhyaya Pancha-Srijukta Maharaj Bijoy Manikya Bahadur, Raja of Tripura, brother of Maharaj Joy Manikya, and a descendant of Chhatra Manikya. Ascended the tukht after the deposition of Indra Manikya, ca. 1746. Reigned under the control of the Mughal Subadar of Bengal, receiving only a salary of Rs. 12,000 p.a. from him. Deposed and expelled by Shamsher Ghazi, zamindar of Meherkul in the Comilla district of Bengal, who attacked and conquered Roshanabad and Udaipur, ca. 1748. He had issue:
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1748 -1760 Bisam-Samar-Bijojee Mahamopadhyaya Pancha-Srijukta Maharaj Lakshman Manikya, Raja of Tripura, son of Thakur Sri Gadadhar Deb Barman Bahadur, educ. privately. Raised to the tukht by Shamseher Ghazi, because the people of Tripura refused to accept a Muslim ruler, ca. 1748. Reigned as a pageant ruler under the regency of Shamsher Ghazi, until the latter was captured and executed on the orders of the Subadar of Bengal, ca. 1758. He d. 1760, having had issue:
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1760 - 1761 H.H. Bisam-Samar-Bijojee Mahamopadhyaya Pancha-Srijukta Maharaj Shiva Durgapada Sri Sri Yudha Krishna Manikya [Krishnamoni] Deb Barman Bahadur, Raja of Tripura (first time) - see below.
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1761 - 1767 H.H. Bisam-Samar-Bijojee Mahamopadhyaya Pancha-Srijukta Maharaj Shiva Durgapada Sri Sri Yudha Balaram Manikya Deb Barman Bahadur, Raja of Tripura. Raised to the tukht by the Nawab of Bengal, 1761. Deposed in favour of the rightful ruler, Krishna Manikya, 1767.
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1760 - 1761 & 1767 - 1783 H.H. Bisam-Samar-Bijojee Mahamopadhyaya Pancha-Srijukta Maharaj Shiva Durgapada Sri Sri Yudha Krishna Manikya Deb Barman Bahadur, Raja of Tripura. b. as Krishnamoni Thakur, third son of Takhelnamba Maharaj Mukanda Manikya, Raja of Tripura, educ. privately. Fled to Kachar when Shamsher Ghazi invaded the kingdom. Returned on his death, defeated the remnants of his supporters, and installed as Heir Apparent with the title of Shiva Durgapadabje Srila-Srijukta Krishnamani Jubarajashya Goswami Bahadur. Succeeded on the death of Lakshman Manikya, and installed on the tukht, at Udaipur, 1760. Removed his capital to Old Agartala in 1761. Deposed by the British for failing to remit revenues to the Nawab Nazim of Bengal in 1761. Restored with the help of Governor Henry Verelst in 1767. Installed on the tukht at Old Agartala, his new capital, 1767. m. at Old Agartala, after 1767, H.H. Sri Jahnavi Rani Mahadevayu, who served as Regent 1783-1786. He d.s.p. at Old Agartala, 11th July 1783.
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1783 - 1804 H.H. Bisam-Samar-Bijojee Mahamopadhyaya Pancha-Srijukta Maharaj Shiva Durgapada Sri Sri Yudha Rajdhar Manikya II Deb Barman Bahadur, Raja of Tripura, son of Thakur Sri Harimoni Deb Barman Bahadur, educ. privately. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Srila-Srijukta Rajadhara Thakur Jubaraj Goswami Bahadur. Imprisoned at Chittagong, charged with harbouring dacoits. Succeeded on the death of his uncle, 11th July 1783 (confirmed by the GOI 22nd April 1785). Installed on the tukht at Old Agartala, July 1783. m. Hariseswari, daughter of H.H. Maharaja Bhagyachandra Jai Singh [Ningthou Chingthangkhamba], Raja of Manipur. He d. at Old Agartala, March 1804, having had issue, including two sons:
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1804 - 1809 H.H. Bisam-Samar-Bijojee Mahamopadhyaya Pancha-Srijukta Maharaj Shiva Durgapada Sri Sri Yudha Rama Ganga Manikya Deb Barman Bahadur, Raja of Tripura (first time) - see below.
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1809 - 1813 H.H. Bisam-Samar-Bijojee Mahamopadhyaya Pancha-Srijukta Maharaj Kalipada Sri Sri Yudha Durga Manikya Deb Barman Bahadur, Raja of Tripura. b. as Durgamoni Thakur, son of Bisam-Samar-Bijojee Mahamopadhyaya Pancha-Srijukta Maharaj Lakshman Manikya, Raja of Tripura, educ. privately. Installed as Heir Apparent with the title of Srila-Srijukta Durgamoni Jubaraj Goswami Bahadur, 1783. He disputed the succession of Rama Ganga Manikya, and appealed to the British, by whom he was recognised as the rightful successor to Rajadhara Manikya. Ascended the tukht at Old Agartala, 18th October 1809. m. before 1809, H.H. Sri Srimati Sumitra Rani Mahadevi. He d. near Patna, whilst on pilgrimage to Benares, 6th April 1813 (sp?).
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CopyrightęChristopher Buyers, August 2004 - August 2008