TRIPURA

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The Manikya Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1577 - 1586 Maharaj Srihatta Vijayi Digvijaya Sri Sri Yudha Amara Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura, youngest son of Dhurasarasnayi Tripura Swuvarnagrama Vijayi Sri Sri Maharaj Deva Manikya, Raja of Tripura, by a junior wife, educ. privately. He killed Maharaj Yudha Jaya Manikya and ascended the tukht with the reign name of Yudha Amara Manikya, 1577. Conquered the neighbouring kingdom of Tarap, and took Sylhet from the Muslims in 1580. Assumed the titles of Digvijaya (world conqueror) and Srihatta Vijayi (conqueror of Sylhet) to commemorate his victories. Faced a massive invasion from Arakan, being force to flee when the capital at Udaipur was captured, then sacked by the invaders. Removed his capital to Amarpur, on the banks of the Gumti river, but was forced to abandon it when he lost control of the south. m. Sri Amaravati Rani Mahadevayu. He d. by suicide, on the banks of the river Manu, 1586, having had issue, including a son:
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1586 - 1599 Maharaj Sri Sri Yudha Rajadhara Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura, son of Maharaj Srihatta Vijayi Digvijaya Sri Sri Yudha Amara Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1586. Ascended the tukht at the temporary capital, Rajadharchhara. Returned the capital to Udaipur, after the Arakanese abandoned it. He neglected state affairs in favour of devotional persuits and elaborate religious ceremonies. m. (first) Sri Satyavati Rani Mahadevayu. He was k. (accidentally drowned) in the Gumti River, while drinking the waters in which an image of the god Vishnu had been washed, 1599, having had issue:
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1599   Maharaj Prithvishvara Sri Sri Jagannathaya Sri Sri Yudha Yashodhara Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura (first time) - see below.
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1599 - 1600 Maharaj Sri Sri Yudha Virabhadra Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura.
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1600  Maharaj Sri Sri Isvara Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura. m. (first) Sri Isvara Rani Mahadevayu I. m. (second) Sri Isvara Rani Mahadevayu II.
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1601  Maharaj Sri Sri Yudha Dharma Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura. Installed on the tukht by Prince Husain Shah of Arakan in 1601, acknowledging the suzerainty of King Selim Shah of Arakan. m. Sri Dharmavati Rani Mahadevayu.
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1599 & 1601 - 1618 Maharaj Prithvishvara Sri Sri Jagannathaya Sri Sri Yudha Yashodhara Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura, son of Maharaj Sri Sri Yudha Rajadhara Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1599. His succession was disputed because he was under the influence of Chhedayoga. A contest for the succession ensued between various factions, forcing him to flee from the capital during the same year. Defeated by the Mughal forces under Nawab Ibrahim Khan Bahadur, Fath Jang, in November 1618. Carried away as a prisoner to Dacca and later sent with his family to Delhi. m. (first) 1600, Sri Lakshmi Rani Mahadevayu. m. (second) Sri Gauri Rani Mahadevayu. m. (third) Sri Jaya Rani Mahadevayu. He d. at Delhi, 1620, having had issue.
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1618 - 1621 Mughal occupation.
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1621 - 1626 Interregnum.
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1626 - 1660 Maharaj Sri Sri Yudha Kalyana Manikya, Raja of Tripura, a descendant of Kachu Fa. Established a new capital named Kalyanpur, near the Bormuda Hills. Established his rule over the kingdom after the Mughal armies evacuated the capital, Udaipur, following a devastating epidemic in 1621. m. (first) before 1626, Sri Kalavati Rani Mahadevayu. m. (second) before 1651, Sri Saharvati Rani Mahadevayu. He had issue, including three sons:
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1660 - 1661 Maharaj Sri Sri Yudha Govinda Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura (first time) - see below.
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1661 - 1667 Maharaj Sri Hara Gauripada Padma Madhup Sri Sri Yudha Chhatra Manikya Devasya, Raja of Tripura, younger son of Maharaj Sri Sri Yudha Kalyana Manikya, Raja of Tripura, educ. privately. Deposed his younger half-brother and usurped the throne, with the help of the Mughal subadar of Bengal in 1661. Received Prince Shah Shuja in Tripura. He d. 1627, having had issue, a son:
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1660 - 1661 & 1667 - 1676 Maharaj Sri Sri Yudha Govinda Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura, eldest son of Maharaj Sri Sri Yudha Kalyana Manikya, Raja of Tripura, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1660. Deposed by his half-brother, within a year of his succession. Succeeded on the his death in 1627. m. before 1668, Sri Gunavati Rani Mahadevayu. He had issue, two sons:
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1676 - 1685 Maharaj Sri Sri Yudha Rama Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura, elder son of Maharaj Sri Sri Yudha Govinda Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1676. He instituted the office of Bara Thakur, or principal prince, as a designation for the Heir Presumptive. m. Srimati Ratnavati Rani Mahadevayu. He d. 1685, having had issue, three sons:
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1685 - 1693 Maharaj Kalikapada Padma Madhup Sri Sri Yudha Ratna Manikya Deva II, Raja of Tripura (first time) - see below.
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1693 - 1695 Maharaj Sri Narendra Hari Haripada Madhup Sri Sri Yudha Narendra Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura, son of Durga Thakur, and grandson of Maharaj Sri Sri Yudha Govinda Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura, educ. privately. Deposed his cousin and usurped the tukht, with the help of the Mughal Subadar of Bengal in 1693. Defeated and deposed by supporters of the rightful ruler in 1695.
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1685 - 1693 & 1695 - 1712 Maharaj Kalikapada Padma Madhup Sri Sri Yudha Ratna Manikya Deva II, Raja of Tripura. b. as Ratna Thakur, eldest son of Maharaj Sri Sri Yudha Rama Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1685. Deposed by his cousin, Narendra Manikya, 1693. Restored by his supporters in 1695. Deposed for a second time by his brother, Mahendra Manikya, 1712. m. (first) Sri Satyavati Rani Mahadevayu. m. (second) Sri Bhagyavati Rani Mahadevayu. He was k. by his brother, Ghanashyam, 1712.
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1712 - 1714 Maharaj Sri Krishnapada Padma Madhup Sri Sri Yudha Mahendra Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura. b. as Ghanashyam Thakur, second son of Maharaj Sri Sri Yudha Rama Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura, educ. privately. Killed his elder half-brother and usurped the tukht as Mahendra Manikya, 1712. He d. (or was deposed), 1714.
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1714 - 1728 Takhelnamba Maharaj Shiva Durgapadabja Sri Sri Yudha Dharma Manikya Deva II, Raja of Tripura (first time) - see below.
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1728  Maharaj Sri Sri Jagat Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura, a descendant of Maharaj Sri Hara Gauripada Padma Madhup Sri Sri Yudha Chhatra Manikya Devasya, Raja of Tripura. Wrested power with the help of the Mughals and took effective control of the plains, but may not have been formally installed on the tukht. He had issue, a son:
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1714-1728 & 1728-1729 Takhelnamba Maharaj Shiva Durgapadabja Sri Sri Yudha Dharma Manikya Deva II, Raja of Tripura. b. as Duryudhana Thakur, third son of Maharaj Sri Sri Yudha Rama Manikya Deva, Raja of Tripura, educ. privately. Succeeded his elder brother and ascended the tukht as Dharma Manikya II. During his reign, Jagat Roy, a descendant of Chhatra Manikya, rebelled and took possession of the plains and much of the hills, with the help of the Mughals. Renamed Roshanabad by the Mughals, these territories were erected into a zamindari and granted to Dharma Manikya II, on his restoration in 1728. m. Sri Dharmasila Rani Mahadevayu. He d. 1729, having had issue, a son:
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