SONEPUR

 

GENEALOGY

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1841 - 1891  Raja Sriman Niladhar Singh Deo Bahadur, Raja of Sonepur. b. at Sonepur, on Ramanavami Day, 1837, as Niladrinath Singh Deo, younger son of Raja Sriman Prithvi Singh Deo, Raja of Sonepur, by his second wife, Rani Srimati Gundicha Devi Sahiba, educ. privately. Became Heir Apparent with the title of Yuvraj Sriman Sahib at birth. Succeeded on the death of his father, 27th July 1841. Installed on the gadi under the official name of Raja Niladhar Singh Deo, at Sonepur Palace, 30th August 1841. Reigned under the guardianship of his uncle Bapu Dalpat Rai 18 41-1847 and his mother Rani Gundicha Devi 1847-1856. He remained loyal to British Government and rendered all possible help in the Indian Mutiny of 1857, during the rebellion of Surendra Sai and the Khond rebellion of Chakra Bisi. Rewarded for his service s with the personal title of Raja Bahadur. Granted a sanad of adoption 20th May 1865, and a further sanad recognising his status and powers as a feudatory chief 4th September 1867. The administration of the state proving unsatisfactory, and the government ordered the appointment of a full-time Diwan to work under the supervision of the Political Agent, 1887. A great patron of the arts and literature, especially devotional poetry and humorous songs, he founded the first English school in 1874. m. (first) Rani Srimati Durga Kumari Devi Sahiba (d. at Sonepur, 1862), daughter of Kumar Padmanath Shah Deo, of Chhota Nagpur, in Bihar. m. (second) Rani Srimati ... Devi Sahiba (d. ca. 1915), a lady from a zamindari family of Kalahandi. He d. from an infected insect bite on his foot, at Sonepur Palace, 9th September 1891, having had issue, six sons and a daughter:
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1891 - 1902  Raja Sriman Pratap Rudra Singh Deo Bahadur, Raja of Sonepur. b. at Sonepur, 22nd July 1853, eldest son of Raja Sriman Niladhar Singh Deo Bahadur, Raja of Sonepur, by his first wife, Rani Srimati Durga Kumari Devi Sahiba, educ. Sonepur English Sch. Became Heir Apparent with the title of Yuvraj Sriman Sahib at birth, 1853. Magistrate and Sessions Judge 1886-1891. Succeeded on the death of his father, 9th September 1891. Ascended the gadi at Sonepur Palace, 11th September 1891. Granted the personal title of Raja Bahadur 1898. He took a keen interest in administration and the welfare of his people, conducted the first land revenue settlement, instigated famine relief schemes, and built the first modern schools, courts and roads. He established the first girls' school, a Sanskrit school and dispensed scholarships for further education in British India. A Sanskrit scholar of high standing, who composed several devotional songs including "Stotratarangini" (1893), "Chaturdasapadi" (1918), etc. m. at Bhawanipatna, Kalahandi, 1869, Rani Srimati Amulyamani Devi Sahiba (d. after a protracted illness, at Sonepur Palace, 1909), eldest daughter of Raja Udit Pratap Deo Bahadur, Raja of Kalahandi, by his wife, Rani Srimathi Asha Kumari Devi Sahiba, only child of Maharaja Sriman Narayan Singh, Maharaja of Sambalpur. He d. at Sonepur Palace, 8th August 1902, having had issue, five sons and seven daughters, including:
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1902 - 1937  Maharaja Sriman Sir Bir Mitrodaya Singh Deo Bahadur, Dharmariddhi Jnanagunakar, Maharaja of Sonepur, KCIE (1.1.1918). b. at Sonepur Palace, 8th July 1874, eldest son of Raja Sriman Pratap Rudra Singh Deo Bahadur, Raja of Sonepur, educ. Rajkumar Sch., Sonepur. Invested as Heir Apparent with the title of Yuvraj Sriman Sahib at Sonepur, 11th September 1891. Survey and Settlement Officer 1892. Succeeded on the death of his father and ascended the gadi at Sonepur, on the same day, 8th August 1902. Granted a revised sanad recognising his status and powers, 23rd December 1905. Invested with the personal title of Maharaja by the Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal, at Belvedere, 8th November 1908 (made hereditary 1st January 1921). He had consolidated the Tenancy and Land Revenue laws of the state and codified them in the "Bhumi-bidhi". For the financial support to different institutions and for the development of the state, the 'Sonepur state Trust Funds' was established in 1925. The Sonepur chair in English in the Ravenshaw College, Cuttack and the Sonepur chair in Oriya in the Calcutta University were established by his liberal donations. The Maharaja patronised a number of eminent scholars at his durbar and published a large number of rare books, his reign being something of a golden age for literature. An eminent Sanskrit and Oriya scholar, author of "Chandraprabha Kavya" (1902), "Bhagna Kankana (1920)", "Astapadi" (1926), "Nilakuntala" (1927), and "Anangarangini" (1935). Translator of "Ratnavali" (1894), "Abhijnana Sakuntala Nataka" (1898), "Vikramorvasi (1910), "Rutusamhara" (1915), "Naisadhiya Charita" (1921), "SisupalaVadha" (1928), "Dasa Kumara Charita" (1928), "Kalika Purana" (1929), and "Uttara Rama Charita Kavya" (1930), etc. Presdt. Utkal Sahitya Samaj. Vice-Patron Bihar & Orissa Soc. MRAS. Rcvd: Durbar medals (1903 and 1911), and Silver Jubilee medal (1935). m. 26th February 1895, Maharani Srimati Lady Parvati Devi Sahiba, KIH Gold Medal (1.1.1925), benefactress of Ravenshaw College, authoress of "Syamantaka Mani" (1928) and "Purana Kathasara", and translator of "Bhaktikavyam", rcvd: Silver Jubilee (1935) and Coron. (1937) medals, daughter of the zamindar of Kashipur, in Kalahandi. He d. at Sonepur Palace, 29th April 1937, having had issue, two sons:
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1937 - 1963 H.H. Maharaja Sriman Sudhansu Sekhar Singh Deo Bahadur, Maharaja of Sonepur. b. at Sonepur, 23rd August 1899, younger son of Maharaja Sriman Sir Bir Mitrodaya Singh Deo Bahadur, Dharmariddhi Jnanagunakar, Maharaja of Sonepur, KCIE, by his wife, Maharani Srimati Lady Parvati Devi Sahiba, KIH, educ. Rajkumar Sch. and Sonepur High Sch., Sonepur, and St Xavier's Coll., Calcutta. Became Heir Apparent with the title of Yuvraj Sahib, following the death of his elder brother. Succeeded on the death of his father 29th April 1937. Ascended the gadi, 30th April 1937. Formally installed by the Lieutenant-Governor in person, at the Durbar Hall, Sonepur Palace, 28th October 1937. He responded to popular desire and placed the state administration on a democratic footing, establishing responsible government under a Council of Ministers headed by a Chief Minister in March 1943. Signed the instrument of accession to the Dominion of India, 15th August 1947. The government of Orissa officially established its control over the administration of the state 14th November 1947, and merged Sonepur as a Sub-Division of the Bolangir District 1st January 1948. Granted the hereditary style of His Highness 1st January 1948. Mbr. Cncl. of Eastern States Rulers, Brd. of Control of the Orissa & Chhatisgarh States Common High Court, Eastern States Education Brd., Rajkumar Coll. Raipur General Cncl. & Managing Cttee., MRAS (Bengal), etc. Rcvd: Silver Jubilee (1935), Coron. (1937), and Indian Independence (1947) medals. m. H.H. Maharani Srimati Khirode Kumari Devi Sahiba, daughter of Patraja Maheshwar Prasad Deo, zamindar of Lanjigarh, in Kalahandi. He d. 10th August 1963, having had issue, one son and two daughters:
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Copyright©Yuvraj Arjun Singh Deo1963 - [1973] H.H. Maharaja Sriman Bir Pratap Singh Deo Bahadur, Maharaja of Sonepur. b. at Calcutta, 31st July 1923, only son of H.H. Maharaja Sriman Sudhansu Sekhar Singh Deo Bahadur, Maharaja of Sonepur, by his wife, H.H. Maharani Srimati Khirode Kumari Devi Sahiba, educ. privately and at the Presidency Coll., Calcutta Univ. (BA 1943). Styled Tikait Lal Sriman from birth 31st July 1923. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Sriman Yuvraj Sahib 29th April 1937. Personal Assistant to his father 1945-1947. Succeeded on the death of his father, 10th August 1963. Ascended the gadi, at Sonepur Palace, August 1963. The GOI amended the Indian Constitution to remove his position as a "ruler" and his right to receive privy-purse payments, 28th December 1971. m. 20th February 1944, H.H. Maharani Srimati Drupad Kumari Sahiba, née Maharajkumari Bai Shri Drupad Kumari Sahiba, second daughter of H.H. Maharaja Thakore Shri Sir Bahadursinhji Mansinhji Sahib, Maharaja of Palitana, KCSI, KCIE, by his wife, H.H. Maharani Shri Sitabai Sahiba, eldest daughter of H.H. Maharaja Shri Bhojarajsinhji Bhagwantsinhji, Maharaja of Gondal. He d. 24th November 1973, having had issue, one son and one daughter:
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Copyright©Yuvraj Arjun Singh Deo[1973] H.H. Maharaja Sriman Prithvi Bir Singh Deo Bahadur, Maharaja of Sonepur, only son of H.H. Maharaja Sriman Bir Pratap Singh Deo Bahadur, Maharaja of Sonepur, by his wife, H.H. Maharani Srimati Drupad Kumari Sahiba, educ. Rajkumar Coll., Raipur, and St Xavier's Coll., Calcutta (B.Com.). Succeeded on the death of his father as Head of the Royal House of Sonepur, 24th November 1973. m. H.H. Maharani Srimati Kavita Kumari Sahiba, Mbr. Brd. of Governors of The Palace Sch. (Jaipur), daughter of Shrimant Maharaj Lakshman Singhji Sahib, of Sailana, by his wife, Rani Hemant Kumari Sahiba, daughter of Kunwar Ranzor Singh, of Sirmur. He had issue, one son and two daughters:
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