SACHIN

BRIEF HISTORY

 
Sidi ‘Abdu’l Karim, the son and heir of Sidi ‘Abdu’l Rahman, Ruler of Rajapore and Janjira, fled to Poona in 1784 when Sidi Johor seized his patrimony. He signed a treaty with the Peishwa of the Marathas in 1791, by which he resigned all his rights to Janjira and received Sachin and its dependencies instead. The HEIC forced his son to relinquish the active administration of the state in 1829, following a breakdown of financial and administrative management. Nawab Sidi Ibrahim Muhammad Yakut Khan I, and his son, Nawab Sidi ‘Abdu’l Karim Muhammad Yakut Khan II, reigned as nominal rulers until the restoration of full ruling powers in 1864. Thereafter, the history of the state remained relatively free and peaceful under the benign rule of successive Nawabs.

The family made several distinguished marriages within the Muslim aristocracy of Haidarabad. They were also early converts to European education. Several members of the family attended universities in England, became lawyers, and served with distinction as military officers and administrators. Nawab Sidi Ibrahim Muhammad Yakut Khan III served with distinction in the East African campaign during the Great War. He received a salute of 11-guns together with the style of Highness, in reward. Nawab Sidi Muhammad Haidar Muhammad Yakut Khan acceded to the Dominion of India in August 1947. The state merged with the Presidency of Bombay in 1948.

SALUTE:
9-Guns.

ARMS:
A shield in three, dexter, a ship at sea with masthead and flags; sinister, a castle with two towers above the walls, a five-pointed star reversed and crescent tilted. In the chief, a lion passant guardant, turned sinister and holding a fish in its raised paw. Crest: a fish over a wreath. Supporters: Guards armed with swords and dressed in striped jackets counter charged, wearing hats. Below the shield, crossed sabres. Motto: sable on a riband vert. Lambrequins: Or. Pavilion: Ermined gules, corded and tassled or, overall the crown of Sachin proper.

FLAG:
A horizontal flag of five equal stripes of red, green, yellow, pink, and dark-blue (top to bottom).

STYLES & TITLES:
The ruling prince: Mubariz ud-Daula, Muzaffar ul-Mulk, Nawab Sidi (personal name) Khan Bahadur, Nusrat Jang, Nawab of Sachin, with the style of His Highness.
The consort of the ruling prince: Nawab (personal title and name) Begum Sahiba, with the style of Her Highness.
The Heir Apparent: Nawabzada Sidi (personal name) Khan Bahadur, Wali Ahad Sahib.
The other sons of the ruling prince: Nawabzada Sidi (personal name) Khan Bahadur.
The daughters of the ruling prince: Nawabzadi (personal title and name) Begum Sahiba.
The grandsons and other male descendants of the ruling prince, in the male line: Sahibzada Sidi (personal name) Khan.
The granddaughters and other female descendants of the ruling prince, in the male line: Sahibzadi (personal title and name) Begum Sahiba.

ORDERS & DECORATIONS:
Nishan-i-Sardari (the Decoration of the Nobility): founded by Nawab Sidi Ibrahim Muhammad Yakut Khan III in August 1918 and awarded in two classes (1. First Class in gold, and 2. Second Class in silver). Obsolete.
Tamgha-i-Liaqat-i-Kidmat (Meritorious Service Medal): founded by Nawab Sidi Ibrahim Muhammad Yakut Khan III in August 1918 and awarded in two classes, the last awarded in two degrees (1. First Class in gold, 2.1 Second Class in gold, and 2.2 Second Class in silver). Obsolete.
Nishan-i-Yakut Zaman (the Decoration of the Garnet of the Age*): instituted by Nawab Sidi Ibrahim Muhammad Yakut Khan III in 1907 to commemorate his coming of age and assumption of full ruling powers. Awarded in a single class, a silver medal. Obsolete.
Nishan-i-Sultan Manzoor (the Decoration of the Ruler’s Admiration): instituted by Nawab Sidi Ibrahim Muhammad Yakut Khan III and awarded in a single class, a silver medal.
Nishan-i-Hadani (the Decoration of the Hadani**): instituted by Nawab Sidi Ibrahim Muhammad Yakut Khan III and awarded in a single class, a silver medal.

* yakut, meaning a dark or dull-read precious stone such as a garnet, ruby or cornelian, often given as a title (e.g. Yakut Khan) to noblemen of African or Abyssinian descent.
** hadani, could be a reference either to non-Christian Abyssinians or ruler/sovereign of the Abyssinians.

SOURCES:
Administration Report of the Sachin State. 1873/74-1874/75, 1876/77-1884/85, 1889/90-1897/98. IOR/V/10. Oriental & India Office Collection, British Library, St Pancras, London.
Lewis Bentham Bowring. Bowring Collection. MSS. Eur. G.38, Oriental India Office Collection, British Library, London.
List of Ruling Princes and Chiefs in Political Relations with the Government of Bombay and their Leading Officials, Nobles and Personages. Government of India Central Publication Branch, Calcutta, 1931.
The Ruling Princes, Chiefs and Leading Personages in the Western India States Agency, 1st edition. Rajkot, 1928.
The Ruling Princes, Chiefs and Leading Personages in the Western India States Agency, 2nd edition. Manager of Publications, Delhi, 1935.
Seton Karr and R.H. Showell. Rough Notes Connected with the petty Principality of Junjeera, Selections from the Records of the Bombay Government. No. XXVI New Series. Political Department, Government of Bombay, 1856.
Kenneth X. Robbins and John McLeod (eds.). Habshi Amarat. African Elites in India. Mapin Publishing Pvt Ltd, Ahmedabad, India, 2006.
Sachin Administration Report. 1909/1910-1929/30, and 1941/42-1944/45. IOR/V/10. Oriental & India Office Collection, British Library, St Pancras, London.
Thacker’s Indian Directory. Thacker’s Press & Directories, Ltd, Calcutta 1863-1956.

SPECIAL ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:
Nawabzada Sidi Muhammad Faisal Khan Bahadur
Dr. M.R. Farukhi.
Father Lawrence Ober, SJ.
Sahibzadi Salma Nishat Haseen Khan Begum.
Sahibzada Sidi Muhammad Nadir Imtiaz Khan.
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