(Dar ul-Insha)

The Rohilla (or Barech) Dynasty


1719 - 1748 Nawab 'Ali Muhammad Khan Bahadur, Nawab of Katehir (i.e Rohilkand). b. before 14th April 1706, as Syed Muhammad 'Ali, from Barha, in Muzaffarnagar district, educ. privately. Adopted by Sardar Daud Khan, the Rohilla commander, at the age of six. Seized the town of Aonla from the Katehria chief, and later led an Imperial expedition against the Barha sayyids of Jansath, in Muzaffarnargar. Rewarded by Emperor Muhammad Shah in 1737 by a grant of the hereditary title of Nawab 'Ali Muhammad Khan Bahadur, an Imperial mansab of 5,000 zat and 5,000 sowar, and the territory of Katehr in jagir. Secured control of most of Rohilkhand by 1740, thus incurring the jealousy of Nawab Safdar Jang. Dispossessed by him with the help of the Raja of Kumaon and exiled to Delhi 1746, remaining a prisoner there for six months. Imperial Governor of Sirhind 1746-1748. Recovered all his territories in Rohilkhand by hitching his star to that of Ahmad Shah Durrani, during his invasion of India in 1748. m. a daughter of Azmatu'llah Khan, sometime Faujdar of Moradabad. He d. at Aonla, Barelly, 15th September 1748 (bur. there Aonla) (succ. by his second son), having had issue, six sons and one daughter:
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1748 - 1793 Nawab Faizu'llah 'Ali Khan Bahadur, Mustaid Jang, Nawab of Rampur. b. before 3rd June 1734, second son of Nawab 'Ali Muhammad Khan Bahadur, Nawab of Katehir, educ. privately. Taken to Kandahar, in Afghanistan by Nadir Shah. Succeeded in absentia on the death of his father in joint possession of Aonla, 15th September 1748. His territories in India being administered by Sardar Hafiz Rahmat Khan as Regent. Freed and permitted to return to his possessions in 1752. Received Rampur and the pargana of Chachait in Bareilly dist. at the third partition of 'Ali Muhammad's territories. Forced to evacuate Rampur and retreat into the Terai in 1759, when the Marathas invaded his territories. Returned with the help of Shuja ud-Daula of Oudh and drove them across the Ganges. Joined Ahmad Shah Durrani and fought on his side at Panipat, receiving Shikohabad in reward for his services. Retreated to Aonla and then to Laldhang, when the Nawab Wazir invaded Rohilkand and killed Hafiz Rahmat Khan at Miranpur Katra in 1772. Established his capital at Rampur, and guaranteed in the possession of that place by the HEIC in 1778, following a treaty the settlement with the Nawab Nazim of Oudh on 7th October 1774. m. several wives. He d. at Qila-i-Mualla, Rampur, 24th July 1793 (bur. there at the Imambara), having had issue, nine sons and three daughters:
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1793   Nawab Muhammad 'Ali Khan Bahadur, Nawab of Rampur. b. 1750, eldest son of Nawab Faizu'llah 'Ali Khan Bahadur, Mustaid Jang, Nawab of Rampur, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 24th July 1793. Deposed by his younger half-brother, 11th August 1793 and exiled to Dungarpur. m. a daughter of his uncle, Nawab 'Abdu'llah Khan Bahadur, of Budaun. He d. as a prisoner (shot in his sleep), at Dungarpur, 20th September 1794 (bur. Madarsa muhalla), having had issue, an only son:
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1793 - 1794 'Ali Jah, Amir ul-Umara, Nasir ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula, Nawab Haji Ghulam Muhammad Khan Bahadur, Mustaid Jang, Nawab of Rampur. b. before 11th July 1763, fourth son of Nawab Faizu'llah 'Ali Khan Bahadur, Mustaid Jang, Nawab of Rampur, educ. privately. Deputy to his elder brother 1784-1793. Deposed his brother and assumed power, 11th August 1793. Deposed by British and Oudh troops, 24th October 1794. Granted the personal titles of 'Ali Jah, Mukhlis ud-Daula, Nasir ul-Mulk, Amir ul-Umara, and Mustaid Jang. He went on a pilgrimage to Mecca after his deposition, but fled to Tipu Sultan instead, and later settled at the Court of Kabul. He d. at Nadaun, near Kangra, 1828, having had issue, six sons:
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continued on the next page.

I would be grateful to hear from anyone who may have changes, corrections or additions to contribute. If you do, please be kind enough to send me an e-mail using the contact details at: Copyright© Christopher Buyers


Copyright©Christopher Buyers, March 2004 - August 2008