family of Kolhapur enjoys a common ancestry with the
Bhonsle dynasties of Tanjore and Satara (see those
families). They claim descent from the Sisodia clan of
Rajputs, the same descent as the ancient rulers of
Chittor and Udaipur. The states of Satara and Kolhapur
came into being in 1707, because of the succession
dispute over the Mahratta kingship. Shahu Shivaji, Heir
Apparent to the Mahratta kingdom, captured by the Mughals
at the age of nine, remained their prisoner at the death
of his father in 1700. The Dowager Maharani Tara Bai
proclaimed his younger half-brother, and her son, Shahu
Sambhaji as Chhatrapati Maharaj under her regency. The
Mughals released Shahu Shivaji under certain conditions
in 1707, and he returned to claim his inheritance. He
defeated the regent at the battle of Khed and established
himself at Satara, forcing her to retire with her son to
Kholapur. By 1710 two separate principalities had become
an established fact, eventually confirmed by the Treaty
of Warna in 1731. Kolhapur entered into treaty relations
with the HEIC, after the collapse of the Mahratta
confederacy in 1812. The state acceded to the Dominion of
India on 14th August 1947 and merged with
Bombay on 1st March 1949.
STYLES & TITLES:
The Ruling Prince: Kshatrtiya-Kulawatasana
Sinhasanadhishwar Shrimant Maharaja (personal name)
Chhatrapati Maharaj Bahadur, Maharaja of Kolhapur, with
the style of His Highness
The consort of the ruling prince: Shrimant Akhand
Soubhagyavati Maharani (personal name) Raje
Sahib Maharaj Bhonsle, Maharani of Kolhapur, with the
styled of Her Highness.
The Heir Apparent: Shrimant Yuvraj (personal name)
Chhatrapati Maharaj Bhonsle.
The younger sons
of the ruling prince: Shrimant Maharajkumar (personal
name) Chhatrapati Maharaj Bhonsle.
The daughters of the ruling prince: Shrimant Maharajkumar
(personal name) Sahib Maharaj Bhonsle.
RULES OF SUCCESSION:
Male primogeniture with the right of adoption by the
recognised Head of the family if there has been a failure
of natural heirs.
ORDERS AND DECORATIONS:
Chhatrapati Maharaj: Lord of the Umbrella.
Kshatrtiya-Kulawatasana: The Head of the Kshatriya race.
Mamalakat Madar: Pillar of the State
Sinhasanadhishwar: the enthroned King.
Lewis Bentham Bowring, Bowring Collection. MSS. Eur.
G.38, Oriental & India Office Collection, British
Library, St Pancras, London.
Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage,
Baronetage and Knightage. Burke's Peerage Limited,
K.M. Girhe. Architecture of Bhoslas of Nagpur. 2 vols.
Bharatiya Kala Prakashan, Delhi, 2004.
Sorabji Jehangir and F.S. Jehangir Taleyarkhan. Princes
and Chiefs of India: A Collection of Biographies, with
Portraits of the Indian Princes and Chiefs and Brief
Historical Surveys of their Territories. Three Volumes.
Waterlow and Sons Limited, London, 1903.
A.B. Latthe. Memoirs of His Highness Shri Shahu
Chhatrapati, Maharaja of Kolhapur. The Times Press,
List of Ruling Princes and Chiefs in Political Relations
with the Government of Bombay and their Leading
Officials, Nobles and Personages. Government of India
Central Publication Branch, Calcutta, 1931.
Manohar Malgonkar. Chhatrapatis of Kolhapur. Popular
Prakashan, Bombay, 1971.
Manohar Malgonkar. The Puars of Dewas Senior. Orient
Longmans Limited, Bombay, 1963.
Memoranda on The Indian States 1940 (Corrected up to the
1st January 1940). Manager of Publication, Government of
India, Delhi, 1940.
Shalini V. Patil. Maharani Tarabai of Kolhapur (c.
1675-1761 AD). S. Chand & Company (Pvt.) Ltd, New
Govind Sakharam Sardesai. New History of the Mahrathas.
Volumes I, II and III. K.B. Dhawale, Girgaon, Bombay,
Thacker's Indian Directory. Thacker's Press &
Directories, Ltd., Calcutta 1863-1956.
A. Vadivelu. The Ruling Chiefs, Nobles & Zamindars of
India. G.C. Loganadham Bros., Madras, 1915.
Who Was Who. Vol. I to Vol. VII, A&C Black, London,
1915 - 1980.
Who's Who in India. Calcutta, 1911 and 1914.
Who's Who in India, Burma & Ceylon, Who's Who
Publishers (India) Ltd., Bombay, 1940.
Abhijit Malwade, Mumbai, India.
I would be
grateful to hear from anyone who may have changes,
corrections or additions to contribute. If you do, please
be kind enough to send me an e-mail using the contact
details at: Copyrightę