JIND

The Phulkian Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1789 - 1819 Raja Sri Bagh Singh, Raja of Jind. b. at Sufidan, 23rd September 1760, second son of Raja Sri Gajpat Singh, Raja of Jind, by his first wife, Rani Sri Gajpat Kaur Sahiba [Mansahia Rani Sahib], educ. privately. Became Heir Apparent with the title of Tikka Sahib, following the death of his elder brother in 1780. Gained control over Basia and Ludhiana, and received Gohana and Kharkhoda in jagir from Emperor Shah Alam in 1786. Succeeded on the death of his father, 11th November 1789. Entered into treaty relations with the HEIC in 1803 and fought with Lord Lake against the Marathas, assisting in their expulsion from Delhi. Granted extensive territories in Shahjahanabad, in reward for his services. Fearful of the increasing power of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and of his ever increasing encroachments, he led a delegation representing the trans-Sutlej and Phulkian rulers to Delhi to remonstrat in favour of British protection. This was subsequently confirmed in a treaty with Maharaja Ranjit Singh on 25th April 1809, by which Jind formally came under the protection of the HEIC. He later suffered a severe paralytic stroke which disabled him from participating in the government. Accepted a regency under his wife, March 1813. m. (first) Rani Sri Daya Kaur Sahiba, daughter of Sardar Bakhsu Singh, of Bari Mansa. m. (second) Rani Sri Sadar Kaur Sahiba, daughter of Sardar Pakhar Singh, of Jodhpur-Subake. m. (third) Rani Sri Sobrahi Kaur Sahiba (k. by adherents of her step-son, Partab Singh, at Jind Fort, 23rd June 1814), Regent for her incapacitated husband from March 1813 until her death, a lady from a zamindari family in Kaleki. He d. at Jind Fort, 16th June 1819, having had issue, three sons:
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1819 - 1822 Raja Sri Fateh Singh, Raja of Jind. b. at Jind Fort, 6th May 1789, eldest son of Raja Sri Bagh Singh Sahib, Raja of Jind, by his first wife, Rani Sri Daya Kaur Sahiba, educ. privately. Became Heir Apparent with the title of Tikka Sahib, on the accession of his father, 11th November 1789. Appointed as Regent for his incapacitated father, following the rebellion of his younger brother and the murder of Rani Sobrani, 23rd June 1814. Joined with the British authorities in supressing the rebellion of his brother, which eventually forced him to flee from Jind territory in 1815. Succeeded as Raja of Jind, on the death of his father, 16th June 1819. Ascended the gadi, at Jind Fort, 17th June 1819. m. several wives, including (first) Rani Sri Khem Kaur Sahiba (d.s.p. after 1835), daughter of Sardar Didar Singh. m. (second) Rani Sri Mai Sahib Kaur (d. after 1847), Ranai Regent for her minor son from 30th July 1822 until he came of age in 1827, and subsequently from his death on 4th November 1834 until the installation of Raja Sri Swarup Singh 8th March  1837, daughter of Sardar Kushal Singh Barnewala. He d. at the Sangrur Palace, Jind, 3rd February 1822, having had issue, an only son:
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1822 - 1834 Raja Sri Sangat Singh, Raja of Jind. b. at Sangrur Palace, 16th July 1810, only son of Raja Sri Fateh Singh, Raja of Jind, by his second wife, Rani Sri Mai Sahib Kaur, sometime Regent of Jind, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 3rd February 1822. Installed at Jind Fort, 30th July 1822. Reigned under the regency of his mother, until he came of age and was invested with full ruling powers. Removed his capital to Sangrur in 1827. A profligate ruler who brought the state to near financial collapse, spending much of his time on pleasure, which the British authorities attempted to curb but which only resulted in encouraging his rebellious inclinations. Ever short of money, he began extorting funds from his noblemen, traders and finally the pesantry, forcing many of his most able servants to migrate to British territory for their protection. m. (first) at Jind Fort, April 1824, Rani Sri Sabha Kaur Sahiba (b. at Shahabad, 1812; d. after 1837), daughter of Sardar Ranjit Singh Nirmala, of Shahabad. m. (second) Rani Sri Sukhan Kaur Sahiba (d. after 1837), daughter of Sardar Jiun Singh Dhaliwal. m. (third) Rani Sri Nand Kaur Sahiba [Tibbawale Rani Sahib] (m. second, before 27th July 1837, H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband, Rasikh-ul-Itiqad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja Sir Swarup Singh Rajendra Bahadur, Raja of Jind, KSI - see below), daughter of Sardar Dulla Singh, of Tibba. He d.s.p. suddenly (probably from alcoholism), at Basia, 4th November 1834 (when several of his trans-Sutlej estates were declared as 'lapsed' and then annexed by the HEIC).
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1834 - 1864 H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband, Rasikh-ul-Itiqad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja Sri Sir Swarup Singh Bahadur, Raja of Jind, KSI (11.11.1863). b. at Bazidpur, 30th May 1812, only son of Sardar Karam Singh, of Bazidpur, educ. privately. Succeeded his father in the Bazidpur estates, 1818. Recognised by the GOI as the legitimate successor to his childless second cousin, 10th January 1837. Installed on the gadi at Jind, when he was presented with a valuable khilat from the GOI together with a kharita recognising his succession, 8th March 1837. Granted a sanad confirming his ancestral possessions, in recognition for his services in the First Sikh War, 22nd September 1847. One of the first to take the field against the mutineers, British or India, he rushed his forces to defend the town and cantonment at Karnal, then served at Alipore and at the Battle of Badli Serai. He fought, clad in armour and chain mail, side-by-side with British troops during the siege of Delhi (rcvd: MID, Mutiny Medal). Granted the hereditary titles of Farzand-i-Dilband, Rasikh-ul-Itiqad, and Raja Bahadur on 2nd June 1858, and Rasikh-ul-Itiqad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia on 14th January 1860. He received a salute of 11-guns and vast territories, including fourteen villages adjacent to Sangrur, and the Delhi properties of Shahzada Mirza Abu Bakar. A further eleven villages being transferred to him in 1861. A progressive ruler, he outlawed sati, female infanticide and slavery. m. (first) Rani Sri …Kaur Sahiba (d. 17th January 1877). m. (second) at Jind, before 27th July 1837, Rani Sri Nand Kaur Sahiba [Rani Tibbawale], a widow of his predecessor, Raja Sri Sangat Singh, Raja of Jind. He d. from acute dysentery, at Bazidpur, 26th January 1864, having had issue, two sons:
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JIND 1 JIND 2 JIND 4 MAIN
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