INDORE

The Holkar Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1806 - 1811 H.H. Ali Jah, Zubdat ul-Umara, Bahadur ul-Mulk, Farzand-i-Arjmand, Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Shrimant Jaswantrao Holkar VI Subadar Bahadur, Nusrat Jang, Subadar of the Holkar Domains. b. 1776, fourth and natural son of Shrimant Sardar Tukojirao I Holkar IV Bahadur, Subadar of the Holkar Domains, educ. privately. Imprisoned by his brother in August 1797, but escaped and joined Malharrao in Poona in September 1797. Fled to Nagpur after Malharrao's death but captured and imprisoned on the orders of Scindia. Escaped again, first to Khandesh, then Barwani, and Dharampuri before eventually reaching safety at Dhar. Rewarded with horses and cash for assisting the Dhar ruler to defeat the Pindari invaders, he collected an army and began levying tribute on his own behalf. He defeated an army sent by Kashirao to chastise him, near Kasrawad in late 1798, then marched on Maheshwar and assumed power as Regent for his infant nephew in January 1799. Opposed Scindia by plundering his territories and exacting forced payments of revenue, thereby attracting his revenge. Although severely defeated at Bijalpur on 14th October 1801, he re-grouped his forces and attacked the Peshwa and Scindia, took Poona on 25th October 1802 and plundered the city and its surrounding districts for three months. Raised to the titles of Maharajadhiraj and Raj Rajeshwar by the King of Delhi in 1803. Forced to relinquish his claims to territories north of the Chambal, in Poona and the Bundelkhand, in a treaty with the HEIC on 24th December 1805. Succeeded on the death of his nephew as sole ruler, after September 1806. Raised to the titles of Ali Jah, Zubdat ul-Umara, Bahadur ul-Mulk, Farzand-i-Arjmand, and Nusrat Jang by the King of Delhi in 1807. He began to develop signs of insanity in 1808, when a regency assumed power under his morganatic wife, Tulsi Bai. m. (first) H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Larabai Sahib (k. by poison, at Bhanpura, May 1812). m. (a) H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Tulsibai Sahib (b. ca. 1788;  beheaded on the banks of the Sipra and her remains thrown into the river, 20th December 1817), became Regent for her husband 1806, and for her adopted son from November 1811, daughter of Ajiba, a priest of the Manbhoo sect. m. (b) H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Krishnabai Maji Sahiba (d. September 1849), Maharani Regent 1843 to 1849, alias Keshri Bai, a potter woman who entered his harem but whom he never formally married. He d. in his tent, Bhanpura, 27th October 1811 (crem. there), having had issue, one son and one daughter:
  • 1) H.H. Ali Jah, Zubdat ul-Umara, Bahadur ul-Mulk, Farzand-I-Arjmand, Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Shrimant Malharrao II Holkar VII Subadar Bahadur, Nusrat Jang, Maharaja of Indore (s/o Keshribai) - see below.
  • 1) Maharajkumari Shrimant Bhimabai Raje Sahib Holkar [Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Bhimabai Raje Sahib Bolia]. b. 1797 (d/o Larabai). Captured and held hostage by Scindia September 1797-January 1803. Led a brigade of 2,500 cavalry, sword and lance in hand, into battle against the British at Mehidpur, 1817. Received a life grant of the Kunch district in jagir by the Treaty of 1805. m. at Bhanpura, ca. 1805, Shrimant Sardar Govindrao Bolia Sahib (d. before 1817), grandson of Shrimant Sardar Govindrao Vithoji Bolia Sahib. She d. at Indore, 29th November 1858, leaving an adopted son:
    • a) Shrimant Sardar Chinnajirao Bolia [Appa Sahib]. m. a daughter of Bhagwant Rao Holkar, by his wife, the younger sister of H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Gautamabai Sahib Holkar [Tai Sahib]. He d. before 1858, having had issue, a son:
      • i) Viqar ul-Umra, Shrimant Sardar Govindrao Chinnaji Bolia [Baba Sahib]. m. (first) at Maheshwar Fort, 31st May 1865, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Sitabai Raje Sahib Bolia, daughter of H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Sir Tukojirao II Holkar XI Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore, GCSI, CIE. m. (second) Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Manjulabai Sahib Bolia. He d.s.p from natural causes, 14th December 1895, when his widow adopted a son and successor on his behalf.
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1811 - 1834 H.H. Ali Jah, Zubdat ul-Umara, Bahadur ul-Mulk, Farzand-I-Arjmand, Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Shrimant Sawai Shri Malharrao II Holkar VII Subadar Bahadur, Nusrat Jang, Maharaja of Indore. b. at Bhanpura, 1806, only son of H.H. Ali Jah, Zubdat ul-Umara, Bahadur ul-Mulk, Farzand-i-Arjmand, Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Shrimant Jaswantrao Holkar VI Subadar Bahadur, Nusrat Jang, Subadar of the Holkar Domains, by his concubine, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Krishnabai Maji Sahiba, educ. privately. Adopted by his fatherís widow, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Tulsibai Sahib and ascended the gadi, November 1811. Reigned under the Regency of his adopted mother, until her murder on 20th December 1817. The British intervened and defeated the Holkar army at Mehidpur, 21st December 1817. Capitulated and signed the Treaty of Mandessor by which the supremacy of the Holkar state over Udaipur, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kotah, Bundi, Karauli, and other states territories were renounced, 6th January 1818. Recognised as hereditary ruler by the GOI, 19th October 1818. Transferred his capital to Indore, 3rd November 1818. m. (first) ca 23rd April 1815, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Jijibai Sahib Holkar. m. (second) at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 3rd May 1819, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Chandrabai Sahib Holkar (b. 1810). m. (third) at Maheshwar Fort, 1824, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Gautamabai Sahib Holkar [Tai Sahiba] (b. at Shujawalpur; d. at the Rajwada, Indore, 12th May 1859), ascended the Khasgi gadi September 1849, sister of Shrimant Sardar Narayanjirao Bargal, of Talode, in the Khandesh district of the Bombay Presidency. He d. at the Rajwada, Indore, 27th October 1833 (succ. by his nephew), having had issue, an only daughter:
  • 1) Maharajkumari Shrimant Bumaji Gadubai Raje Sahib Holkar.
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1833 - 1834 H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Shrimant Sawai Shri Martandrao Holkar VIII Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore. b. 1830, eldest son of Shrimant Sardar Bapu Holkar, educ. privately. Adopted on behlf of Mharaja Malharrao II by his widow Maharani Gautama Bai [Tai Sahiba], with concurrence of Maharani Krishnabai, at the moment of his death, 27th October 1833. Installed on the gadi at the Rajwada, Indore, 17th January 1834. Deposed by favour of Harirao, 2nd February 1834. He was sent as a prisoner to the Deccan, where he renounced all rights to the throne for himself, and any descendants, in return for an annual stipend of Rs 500 p.m. Allowed to proceed to and settle in Poona, where he was placed under the supervision of the local Magistrate and his movements restricted to the limits of that city. The Maharani Regent Krishnabai put forward a proposal for his restoration to the gadi following the death of Maharaja Harirao in October 1843, but this was dismissed by the British authorities and his earlier renunciation upheld. Put forward again by several leading nobles with the support of Maharani Krishnabai following the death of Maharaja Khnderao in March 1844, but again rejected on the same grounds. m. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati ...bai Sahiba, who returned to Indore after the death of her husband. He d.s.p. at Poona, 2nd June 1849.
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1834 - 1843 H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Shrimant Sawai Shri Harirao Holkar IX Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore. b. 1795, elder son of Shrimant Sardar Vithojirao [Ithoba] Holkar, educ. privately. He fought with great courage at the Battle of Mahidpur 21st December 1817. Raised a revolt against his cousin Malharrao in 1819, but abandoned his attempt and threw himself on his mercy, was arrested and imprisoned at Maheshwar. Released from confinement by his supporters, the Bhils and the Mewattis, 2nd February 1834. Proclimed as ruler and Head of the House of Holkar, at Fort Mandleshwar, 3rd February 1834. Returned to Indore and assumed sovereignty, 18th March 1834. Adopted by Maharani Gautama Bai, widow of Maharaja Malharrao II, and formally installed on the gadi and presented with a khilat of recognition from the Governor-General, at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 17th April 1834. He instituted many refords, including the prohibition of slavery, sati and infanticide. m. at Indore, February 1835, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Ghainabai Sahib Holkar, nee Hirabai, daughter of Shrimant Sardar Sevajirao Girguna, previously an obscure peasant from a family of little note. m. (a) after the birth of her daughter, ca. 1838, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Harikabai Sahib Holkar (d. at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 22nd May 1846), a former concubine. He d. at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 24th October 1843, in the 48th year of his age, having had issue, two daughters:
  • 1) Maharajkumari Shrimant Sakhabai Raje Sahib Holkar [Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Sakhabai Raje Sahib Phanse]. b. at Maheshwar (d/o Harikabai). m. at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 1834, Raja Shrimant Bhaurao Phanse, of Tarana (d.s.p. at Tarana, 17th July 1853), Chief Minister of Indore and Principal Councils of Regency 1843-1848, eldest son of Raja Shrimant Rewajirao Phanse, of Tarana, Chief Minister of Indore 1834-1836. She d.s.p. at Tarana, before 1855.
  • 2) Maharajkumari Shrimant …bai Raje Sahib Holkar. b. at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, before 25th June 1841 (d/o Ghainabai).
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1843 - 1844 H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Khanderao Holkar X Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore. b. at Jotsikhera, 1829, son of Shrimant Sardar Bapujirao Holkar, of Jotsikhera, educ. privately. Adopted by his cousin, Maharaja Harirao Holkar IX nd his senior wife Maharani Ghainabai, at the Rajwada, Indore, 2dh July 1841 (recognised by the Government of India, 30th August 1841). Succeeded on the death of his adopted father, 24th October 1843. Installed on the gadi and presented with a khilat of recognition from the Governor-General, at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 13th November 1843, and reigned under the Regency of his adoptive grandmother, H.H. Maharani Krishnabai Maji Sahiba. He d.s.p. unm. at Maheshwar Fort, 17th February 1844, without having adopted a son and successor or assigning that responsibility to his widow or mother (succ. by a distant kinsman).
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1844 - 1886 H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Sir Tukojirao II Holkar XI Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore, GCSI (25.6.1861), CIE (1.1.1878). b. at Neuguradia, near Mhow, 3rd May 1835, as Kumar Mulhajirao [Malhar Rao] Holkar, second son of Shrimant Sardar Gandharerao Holkar [Bhau Sahib], educ. privately. Selected by the Government of India as successor to the vacant gadi in open Durbar, at Indore, 23rd June 1844. Adopted by H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Krishnabai Maji Sahiba, proclaimed as Jaswantrao soot Tukojirao II Holkar XI Bahadur, formally installed on the gadi and presented with a khilat of recognition from the Governor-General, at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 27th June 1844. Reigned under the Regency of his adopted mother until her death in September 1849. Invested with full ruling powers, at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 8th March 1852. Performed valuable services during the Indian Mutiny of 1857. Granted a sanad of adoption, 11th March 1862. Received Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII), at Indore, March 1876. Attended the Imperial Durbar at Delhi, where he was granted a personal salute of 21-guns, 1st January 1877. Mushir-i-Khas-i-Kaisar-i-Hind (Councillor of the Empress of India) 1st January 1877. Vice-Patron The National Indian Assoc. Rcvd: the Prince of Wales gold medal (1876) and KIH gold medal (1877). m. (first) at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 31st January 1846, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Rukhmabai Sahib Holkar (d. of cholera, at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, June 1848, still a child), daughter of Shrimant Sardar Govind Rao Gargoni. m. (second) at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, ca 18th April 1849, in a joint ceremony with the third wife, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Bhagirathibai Sahib Holkar (d. at Indore, 17th October 1888), ascended the Khasgi gadi 28th March 1865, daughter of Shrimant Sardar Sheoramrao Gund. m. (third) at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, ca 18th April 1849, in a joint ceremony with the second wife, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Radhabai Sahib Holkar, daughter of Shrimant Sardar Bhikajirao Phanse. m. (fourth) at Indore, 5th June 1851, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Mhalsabai Sahib Holkar (d. at Maheshwar Fort, 6th March 1865), ascended the Khasgi gadi 1859, elder daughter of Shrimant Sardar Yeshwantrao Khilaree. m. (fifth) at Indore, 1865, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Parvathibai Sahib Holkar (d. at Indore, 31st May 1896), younger sister of Maharani Mhalsabai, and daughter of Shrimant Sardar Yeshwantrao Khilaree. He d. at Maheshwar Fort, 17th June 1886, having had issue four sons and two daughters:
  • 1) Maharajkumar Shrimant ...rao Holkar Bahadur. b. at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 28th December 1853 (s/o Bhagirathibai). He d. 4th April 1854.
  • 2) Maharajkumar Shrimant Janrao Holkar Bahadur. b. at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 185x. He d. there, 20th February 1857.
  • 3) Maharajkumar Shrimant Shivajirao Holkar Bahadur [Bala Sahib], who succeeded as H.H. Maharajadhiraja Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Sir Shivajirao Holkar XII Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore (s/o Bhagirathi Bai) - see below.
  • 4) Maharajkumar Shrimant Yeshwantrao Holkar Bahadur [Bhau Sahib]. b. at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 17th February 1860 (s/o Radhabai), educ. Indore High Sch, and Daly Coll, Indore. m. at Indore, at the age of five, 31st June 1865, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Lakshmibai Sahib Holkar (d. 21st June 1896), daughter of Balwantrao Bhagwat. He d. at Indore, 23rd July 1890, having had issue, two sons:
    • a) Shrimant Sardar Malharrao Holkar. He d.s.p. at Indore, 6th October 1896.Copyright© Christopher Buyers
    • b) Shrimant Sardar Gautamrao Holkar [Tatya Sahib]. b. 25th April 1882, educ. Daly Coll, Indore. m. (first) at Indore, 30th March 1894 (sep.), Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Rukmabai Maharaj Sahib Holkar, daughter of Lahilaji Bansude. m. (second) 12th May 1912, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Sushilabai Maharaj Sahib Holkar, daughter of Bhau Sahib Gaode. m. (a) Sowkabai Pandharinath Rajapurkar [Mami Sahib], of Bombay, illegally detained and imprisoned at Mandeleshwar Fort together with her daughter by Maharaja Sir Tukojirao III in Indore 1915 and released only after a petition to the Viceroy in 1926. m. (b) Kamalabai [Babilibai], daughter of Sowkabai Pandharinath Rajapurkar, of Bombay. He d. March 1934, having had issue, one son and three daughters by his second wife:
      • i) Shrimant Sardar Malhar Rao Tatyasahib Holkar [Tantiya Sahib]. b. at Indore, 26th July 1922, educ. Daly Coll, Indore, Shri Shivaji Preparatory Military Sch (SSPMS), Poona, and the Doon Sch, Dehradun. Raised to the personal title of Sardar, 21st August 1930. m. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Mrinalinidevi Holkar (d. after 2004), daughter of Shrimant Raja Anandrao Sahib Jadhav, of Deolgaon, in the Buldana district of Berar, by his wife, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Rani Ahilyabai Sahiba Jadhav, eldest daughter of Colonel H.H. Meherban Shrimant Maharaja Shri Sir Uddajirao II Anandrao Puar Sahibji Bahadur, Maharaja of Dhar, KCSI, KCVO, KBE. He d. 1984, having had issue, three sons and a daughter:
        • (1) Shrimant Jagdeependra Singh Malharrao Holkar, educ. Daly Coll, and Govt Coll of rts & Commerce, Indore. He challenged the succession of Maharani Usha Devi on the grounds of strict primogeniture. Settled in Bhopal.
        • (2) Shrimant Anshumant Rao Malharrao Holkar [Khase Sahib], educ. Daly Coll, Indore.
        • (3) Shrimant Gautam Rao Malharrao Holkar, educ. Daly Coll, Indore. He has renounced the material world and became a sadhu at an ashram in Barwaha, on the banks of the river Rewah.
        • (1) Shrimant ...bai Sahib Holkar (born between Anshumant and Gautam).
      • ii) Shrimant Vatsalabai Sahib Holkar. b. at Indore, 17th February 1917.
      • i) Shrimant Subhadrabai Sahib Holkar. b. at Indore, 30th March 1919.
      • ii) Shrimant Tara Bai Sahib Holkar. b. at Indore, 9th July 1927.
  • 1) Maharajkumari Shrimant Keshribai Raje Sahib Holkar. b. at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, October 1852 (d/o Radhabai). She d. at Indore, June 1853.
  • 2) Maharajkumari Shrimant Sitabai Raje Sahiba [Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Sitabai Raje Sahib Bolia] (d/o Bhagirathibai). m. at Maheshwar Fort, 31st May 1865, as his first wife, Viqar ul-Umrao Shrimant Sardar Govindrao Bolia [Baba Sahib] (d.s.p. 14th December 1895), son of Shrimant Sardar Chimnajirao Bolia [Appa Sahib], the adopted son of Maharajkumari Bhimabai - see above.
Maharaja Sir Tukojirao II Holkar XI, also acknowledged a natural son by Gajrabai, a Muslim woman:
  • 5) Maharaj Shrimant Yadavrao Holkar [Bhaiya Sahib]. b. March 1874, educ. Daly Coll, Indore. Revenue Cmsnr 1923-1924, Deputy Minister for Revenue 1924-1928, Supt Court of Wards 1928, Mbr Huzur Jawahirkhana Cttee 1930. Raised to the personal title of Maharaj, 26th November 1920. Rcvd: Delhi Durbar Medal (1903). He had issue, two sons:Copyright© Christopher Buyers
    • a) Shrimant Sardar Shripatrao Holkar. b. at Indore, 1904, educ. Daly Coll, Indore. Engineer, Indore PWD. m. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Malatibai Shripatrao Holkar (d. 9th June 1976). He d. 1st April 1957, having had issue, a son:
      • i) Shrimant Sardar Ranjit [Ranjeetsingh] Shripatrao Holkar. mm. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Vijayadevi Holkar. He d. before 2004, having had issue, a son and a daughter:
        • (1) Shrimant Sardar Kaushik Ranjeetsingh Holkar.
        • (1) Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Jaymala (Preeti) [J. Suryavanshi Patil].
    • b) Shrimant Sardar Martand Rao Holkar. b. at Indore, 30th January 1919. m. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Kumudini Holkar (b. at Indore, 17th June 1923; d. there, 2003), daughter of Shrimant Sardar Ramchandra Rao Zanane Sahib, sometime Vice-Presdt State Council and Foreign Minister, by his wife, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Thakubai Raje Sahib Zanane, youngest daughter of H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Sir Shivajirao [Bala Sahib] Holkar XII Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore, GCSI. He d. at Indore, 2003, having had issue:
      • i) Dr Shivaji Rao Martantrao Holkar, educ. (MB BS).
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