INDORE

The Holkar Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1806 - 1811 H.H. Ali Jah, Zubdat ul-Umara, Bahadur ul-Mulk, Farzand-i-Arjmand, Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Shrimant Jaswantrao Holkar VI Subadar Bahadur, Nusrat Jang, Subadar of the Holkar Domains. b. 1776, fourth and natural son of Shrimant Sardar Tukojirao I Holkar IV Bahadur, Subadar of the Holkar Domains, educ. privately. Imprisoned by his brother in August 1797, but escaped and joined Malharrao in Poona in September 1797. Fled to Nagpur after Malharrao's death but captured and imprisoned on the orders of Scindia. Escaped again, first to Khandesh, then Barwani, and Dharampuri before eventually reaching safety at Dhar. Rewarded with horses and cash for assisting the Dhar ruler to defeat the Pindari invaders, he collected an army and began levying tribute on his own behalf. He defeated an army sent by Kashirao to chastise him, near Kasrawad in late 1798, then marched on Maheshwar and assumed power as Regent for his infant nephew in January 1799. Opposed Scindia by plundering his territories and exacting forced payments of revenue, thereby attracting his revenge. Although severely defeated at Bijalpur on 14th October 1801, he re-grouped his forces and attacked the Peshwa and Scindia, took Poona on 25th October 1802 and plundered the city and its surrounding districts for three months. Raised to the titles of Maharajadhiraj and Raj Rajeshwar by the King of Delhi in 1803. Forced to relinquish his claims to territories north of the Chambal, in Poona and the Bundelkhand, in a treaty with the HEIC on 24th December 1805. Succeeded on the death of his nephew as sole ruler, after September 1806. Raised to the titles of Ali Jah, Zubdat ul-Umara, Bahadur ul-Mulk, Farzand-i-Arjmand, and Nusrat Jang by the King of Delhi in 1807. He began to develop signs of insanity in 1808, when a regency assumed power under his morganatic wife, Tulsi Bai. m. (first) H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Larabai Sahib (k. by poison, at Bhanpura, May 1812). m. (a) H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Tulsibai Sahib (b. ca. 1788;  beheaded on the banks of the Sipra and her remains thrown into the river, 20th December 1817), became Regent for her husband 1806, and for her adopted son from November 1811, daughter of Ajiba, a priest of the Manbhoo sect. m. (b) H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Krishnabai Maji Sahiba (d. September 1849), Maharani Regent 1843 to 1849, alias Keshri Bai, a potter woman who entered his harem but whom he never formally married. He d. in his tent, Bhanpura, 27th October 1811 (cremated there), having had issue, one son and one daughter:
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1811 - 1834 H.H. Ali Jah, Zubdat ul-Umara, Bahadur ul-Mulk, Farzand-I-Arjmand, Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Shrimant Malharrao II Holkar VII Subadar Bahadur, Nusrat Jang, Maharaja of Indore. b. at Bhanpura, 1806, only son of H.H. Ali Jah, Zubdat ul-Umara, Bahadur ul-Mulk, Farzand-i-Arjmand, Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Shrimant Jaswantrao Holkar VI Subadar Bahadur, Nusrat Jang, Subadar of the Holkar Domains, by his concubine, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Maji Krishnabai Masahiba, educ. privately. Adopted by his father's widow, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Tulsibai Sahib and ascended the gadi, November 1811. Reigned under the Regency of his adopted mother, until her murder on 20th December 1817. The British intervened and defeated the Holkar army at Mehidpur, 21st December 1817. Capitulated and signed the Treaty of Mandessor by which the supremacy of the Holkar state over Udaipur, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kotah, Bundi, Karauli, and other states territories were renounced, 6th January 1818. Recognised as hereditary ruler by the GOI, 19th October 1818. Transferred his capital to Indore, 3rd November 1818. m. at Maheshwar Fort, 1824, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Gautamabai Sahib Holkar [Tai Sahib] (b. at Shujawalpur; d. 12th May 1859), sister of Shrimant Sardar Narayanjirao Bargal. He was k. at Deogurania, 27th October 1833 (succ. by his nephew), having had issue, an only daughter:
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1833 - 1834 H.H. Maharajadhiraja Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Martandrao Holkar VIII Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore. b. 1830, eldest son of Shrimant Sardar Bapu Sahib Holkar, educ. privately. Adopted by Maharani Gautama Bai, widow of Maharaja Malharrao II, October 1833. Installed on the gadi at Indore, 17th January 1834, but deposed in favour of Harirao Holkar, 2nd February 1834. Confined until his death at Poona, 2nd June 1849.
1834 - 1843 H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Harirao Holkar IX Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore. b. 1795, elder son of Shrimant Sardar Vithojirao [Ithoba] Holkar, educ. privately. Raised a revolt in 1819 but was captured and imprisoned at Maheshwar. Released from confinement and proclaimed at Mandleshwar, 2nd February 1834. Returned to Indore and assumed sovereignty, 18th March 1834. Adopted by Maharani Gautama Bai, widow of Maharaja Malharrao II, and formally installed on the gadi, at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 17th April 1834. m. at Indore, February 1835, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Ghainabai Sahib Holkar, daughter of Shrimant Sardar Sevajirao Girguna. m. (a) ca. 1838, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Harikabai Sahib Holkar (d. at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 22nd May 1846), a former concubine. He d. at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 24th October 1843, having had issue, two daughters:
1843 - 1844 H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Khanderao Holkar X Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore. b. at Jotsikhera, 1828, eldest son of Shrimant Sardar Bapujirao Holkar, of Jotsikhera, educ. privately. Adopted by his cousin, Maharaja Harirao Holkar IX, 2nd July 1841 (recognised by the Government of India, 30th August 1841). Succeeded on the death of his adopted father, 24th October 1843. Installed on the gadi, at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 13th November 1843, and reigned under the Regency of his adopted grand mother, H.H. Maharani Krishnabai Maji Sahiba. He d.s.p. unm. at Maheshwar Fort, 17th March 1844, without having adopted a son and successor or assigning that responsibility to his widow or mother (succ. by a distant kinsman).
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1844 - 1886 H.H. Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Sir Tukojirao II Holkar XI Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore, GCSI (25.6.1861), CIE (1.1.1878). b. at Neuguradia, 3rd May 1835, as Shrimant Yeshwantrao Yukaji Holkar, younger son of  Shrimant Sardar Santoji Rao Holkar, educ. privately. Selected by the Government of India as successor to the vacant gadi and proclaimed as Jaswantrao soot Tukojirao II Holkar XI Bahadur in open Durbar, at Indore, 23rd June 1844. Installed on the gadi at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 27th June 1844. Reigned under the Regency of his adopted mother until her death in September 1849. Invested with full ruling powers, at the Juna Rajwada Palace, Indore, 8th March 1852. Performed valuable services during the Indian Mutiny of 1857. Granted a sanad of adoption, 11th March 1862. Attended the Imperial Durbar at Delhi, where he was granted a personal salute of 21-guns, 1st January1877. Counsellor of the Empress of India 1877-1886. Rcvd: the Prince of Wales's (1876) and KIH (1877) gold medals. m. (first) at Indore, 31st January 1846, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Mhalsabai Sahib Holkar [Rukhma Bai] (d. from cholera, at Indore, June 1848), daughter of Shrimant Sardar Govindrao Gargoni. m. (second) at Indore, 1849, in a joint ceremony with the third wife, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Bhagirathibai Sahib Holkar (d. at Maheshwar Fort, 1888), daughter of Shrimant Sardar Sheoramrao Gund. m. (third) at Indore, 1849 in a joint ceremony with the second wife, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Radhabai Sahib Holkar, daughter of Shrimant Sardar Bhikajirao Phanse. m. (fourth) at Indore, 5th June 1851, H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Parvathibai Sahib Holkar (d. at Indore, 31st May 1896), daughter of Shrimant Sardar Yeshwantrao Khilaree. He d. at Maheshwar Fort, 17th June 1886, having had issue four sons and two daughters:
Maharaja Sir Tukojirao II Holkar XI, also acknowledged a natural son by Gajrabai, a Muslim woman:
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