INDORE

The Holkar Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1733 - 1766 Shrimant Sardar Malharrao I Holkar I Subedar Bahadur, Subedar of the Holkar Domains. b. at Hol, near Jejuri, Poona District, 16th March 1693, son of Shrimant Khanduji Holkar, of Vir, by his wife, Shrimant Akhand Soubgahyavati Gautama Bai, a sister of Sardar Shrimant Bhojirajrao Bargal, of Talode. Entered the Maratha service in 1717, and appointed by the Peshwa as one of the three sardars charged with collecting the revenues of Malwa, 1724. Appointed to the command of 5,000 horse, 1726. Granted a jagir of eleven mahals in 1728. Granted the rank of Saranjami Sardar together with seventy four parganas, 3rd October 1730. Granted two shares of Malwa, 2nd November 1731. His grants were made hereditary to his issue by Gautama Bai, who also received Maheshwar, Indore and nine other villages, 20th January 1734. One of the foremost commanders of the Maratha confedaracy, he participated in the great victory near Delhi in 1736, and the defeat of the Nizam at Tal Bhopal in 1738. He also wrested Bassein from the Portuguese in 1739. Received Rampura, Bhanpura and Tonk in 1743, for the assistance given to Madho Singh of Jaipur in his contest with Ishwari Singh. Granted an Imperial Sardeshmuckhi for Chandore, for his gallantry in the Rohilla campaign of 1748. Raised to the rank of Subedar, 1757. Severely defeated at the Battle of Panipat on 7th January 1761, losing many of his possessions in North India soon afterwards. m. (first) ca. 1717, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Gautama Bai Sahib Holkar (d. 29th September 1761), daughter of his uncle, Shrimant Sardar Bhojirajrao Bargal, of Talode. m. (second)  Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Bana Bai Sahib Holkar. m. (third) Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Dwarka Bai Sahib Holkar. m. (a) Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Harku Bai Sahib Holkar, a Khanda Rani. He d. at Alampur, 20th May 1766 (succ. by his grandson), having had issue one son and two daughters:
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1766 -1767 Shrimant Sardar Malerao Holkar II Subedar Bahadur, Subedar of the Holkar Domains. b. 1745, only son of Shrimant Sardar Khanderao Holkar Bahadur, by his first wife, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Devi Ahilya Bai Sahib Holkar, Ruler of Indore, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his grand father, 20th May 1766. Invested by the Peshwa as successor to his grandfather, 23rd July 1766. Developed signs of insanity, shortly after his investiture. He d.s.p. at Indore, 5th April 1767, when his mother assumed the reigns of government.
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1767 - 1795 Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Devi Shri Ahilya Bai Sahib Holkar, Ruler of Indore*. b. 1725, daughter of Shrimant Sardar Mankojirao Scindia, patil of Chonde, in the Auzangabad district. Assumed power as Regent, shortly after the mourning period for her son in April 1767. Confirmed by the Peshwa in the family khasgi and inami jagirs, 11th December 1767. Established her capital at Maheshwar, and continued as joint (civil) ruler of the state until her death. m. (first) 1733, Shrimant Sardar Khanderao Holkar Subedar Bahadur (b. 1723; d. from a cannon shot at the siege of Khumheni, near Deeg, 17th March 1754), son and heir of Shrimant Sardar Malharrao I Holkar I Subedar Bahadur, Subedar of the Holkar Domains, by his principal wife, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Gautama Bai Sahiba. m. (second) ca. 1755, Shrimant Sardar Tukojirao I Holkar IV Subedar Bahadur, Subedar of the Holkar Domains (b. 1723; d. at Poona, 15th August 1797), second son of Shrimant Tanuji Holkar. She d. at Maheshwar, 13th August 1795 (succ. by her second husband), having had issue (see above and below).
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* Ahilya Bai is placed here as a ruler in her own right, in accordance with family tradition and subsequent historical writing. However, contemporary records from the Poona court indicate that the Peshwa appointed Tukojirao as the Subedar of the Holkar Domains, in succession to Malerao. Her true position being, at least as civil administrator of the family estates, at best as regent during Tukoji's frequent absence on campaign.
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1767 - 1797 Shrimant Sardar Tukojirao I Holkar IV Subadar Bahadur, Subadar of the Holkar Domains. b. 1723, second son of Shrimant Tanuji Holkar. Appointed by the Peshwa as Subadar and C-in-C of the Holkar forces, and granted a khilat recognising him as titular head of the Holkar clan, 1767. Thereafter served as joint (military) ruler of the Holkar state. A distingusihed military commander he defeated the Jats at Goverdhan in 1769, and Bharatpur in 1773. He defeated the Company's forces  at Borghat in 1777, receiving the rank of of Saranjami Sardar together with lands in Bundelkhand and Khandesh as his reward. Succeeded as sole ruler on the death of his wife, 13th August 1795. Abdicated in favour of his eldest son and resumed the role of Army C-in-C and Regent, 29th January 1797. His latter years were spent fighting fruitless disputes with the Scindias. m. three wives, including, ca. 1755, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Devi Shri Ahilyabai Sahib Holkar (b. 1725; d. on the banks of the Narbada river, 13th August 1795), daughter of Shrimant Sardar Mankojirao Scindia, of Chonde. She acted as Regent from 1767 until her death, 13th August 1795 (see above). He d. at Poona, 15th August 1797, having had issue, two sons by legitimate wives:
Shrimant Sardar Tukojirao I Holkar IV Subadar Bahadur, also recognised the following natural issue:
 
1797 - 1799 Shrimant Sardar Kashirao Holkar V Subedar Bahadur, Subedar of the Holkar Domains, eldest son of Shrimant Sardar Tukojirao I Holkar IV Subedar Bahadur, Subedar of the Holkar Domains, by his wife, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Devi Ahilya Bai Sahib Holkar, daughter of Shrimant Sardar Mankojirao Scindia, of Chonde, educ. privately. Succeeded on the abdication of his father and invested as Subedar, at Poona, 29th January 1797. Deposed during his absence from Maheshwar, by his half-brother, Yeshwantrao, January 1799. Attempted a reconciliation and returned to Maheshwar in August 1801, but joined Scindia in September. Arrested and imprisoned at Asirgarh. m. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Anandi Bai Sahib Holkar (k. with her husband at Sendhwa Fort, 1808). He was k. in a scuffle, at Sendhwa Fort, 1808.
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1799 - 1806 Shrimant Sardar Khanderao Holkar Subedar Bahadur, Subedar of the Holkar Domains. b. at Poona, 1798, posthumous son of Shrimant Sardar Malharrao Holkar, by his second wife, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Jiji Bai Sahib Holkar. Raised to the gadi by his paternal uncle, Shrimant Sardar Yeshwantrao Holkar, at Maheshwar, January 1799. Reigned under his uncle's regency. He d. from cholera, at Shahapura, after September 1806.
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