Malharrao Holkar, a distinguished Mahratta military commander and Sardar, received Indore and large territories for his part in the conquest of Malwa in 1733. His descendants were amongst the most important leaders in the Mahratta confederacy. They eventually came into conflict with their former allies, the Peishwa and Scindia of Gwalior in 1802 but joined them again to fight against the British in 1803. Decisively beaten during the Third Anglo-Mahratta War of 1817-1818, the dynasty surrendered large territories to the HEIC. The British intervened in state affairs in 1843 after a series of succession disputes within the family. Two succeeding Maharajas abdicated under embarrassing circumstances. The state acceded to the Dominion of India in 1947 and entered the Madhya Bharat Union in 1948. The Indian government took the view in 1950 that Maharaja Yeshwantrao II's son by his American wife could not succeed to the gadi and he was excluded from the succession. Yeshwantrao II's only daughter, thus became Maharani when he died in 1961.
STYLES & TITLES:
The ruling prince: Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri (personal name) Holkar Bahadur, Maharaja of Indore, with the style of His Highness.
The Consort of the ruling prince: H.H. Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati (personal name) Sahiba, Maharani of Indore, with the style of Her Highness.
The Heir Apparent: Yuvaraj Shrimant (personal name) Holkar Bahadur.
The younger sons of the ruling prince: Maharajkumar Shrimant (personal name) Holkar Bahadur.
The unmarried daughters of the ruling prince: Maharajkumari Shrimant (personal name) Raje Sahib Holkar.
The married daughters of the ruling prince: Maharajkumari Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati (personal name) Raje Sahib (husband’s surname name).
RULES OF SUCCESSION:
Primogniture, the issue of legally recognized Mahratta wives taking precedence over others.