DUNGARPUR

 

The Sisodia Dynasty

BRIEF HISTORY

The dynasty was founded by Rawal Samant Singh, the eldest son of Rawal Samarsi of Chittor (d. 1193). He abandoned his domains and went to Delhi, where the Mogul Emperor honoured him with the insignia of royalty and bestowed the principality of Bagar, on condition that he wrested those lands from the Bhils. He then migrated south, where he slew Chaurasi Mal Parmar and established himself as the local ruler. The original capital of the place being Batpatrak or Baroda. His successors gradually enlarged the state after driving out the remaining Parmars from Galiakot and Arthoona.

Maharawal Dungar Singhji established a new capital during the latter half of the fourteenth century, which he named Dungarpur after himself.

Maharawal Uday Singh of Dungarpur divided his territories between his two quarrelling sons. He assigned Dungarpur to the elder son, Prithviraj, and gave Banswara to the younger son, Jagmal. They succeeded to their separate parts when he died fighting gallantly against Babar, at Khanwa, in 1527. In common with other states in Rajputana, Dungarpur signed a treaty of protection with the HEIC in 1818.

CLAN:
Gehlot-Ahara clan of Sisodia Rajputs.

SALUTE:
15-guns (1912).

ARMS:
Gules Hanuman passant in chief bearing dexter a hill, sinister a mace all or; a star of six points between two swastikas reversed fylfot argent. Crest: Or, a "chinkara" (gazelle) head facing dexter, resting upon a wreath argent. Supporters: Bhil warriors proper wearing "lungi" (loin cloths) murrey, armed with bows and arrows proper. Motto: "Nyayam chi Rajyam" (Justice lends survival of the state) or on a riband murrey. Lambrequins: Gules and argent.

FLAG:
2x3 rectangular flag of seven stripes (5 of equal width, the top and bottom half the width of any of the other stripes), violet, indigo, light-blue, green, yellow, saffron and red (top to bottop). The state arms in full within the three centre stripes.

STYLES AND TITLES:
The ruling prince: Rai-i-Rayan, Mahimahendra, Maharajadhiraj Maharawal Shri (personal name) Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Maharawal of Dungarpur, with the style of His Highness.
The consort of the ruling prince: Maharani Shri (personal name) Kanwarji Sahiba, Maharani of Dungarpur, with the style of Her Highness.
The Heir Apparent: Maharaj Kumar Shri (personal name) Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Yuvraj of Dungarpur.
The younger sons of the ruling prince: Maharaj Shri (personal name) Singhji Sahib.
The daughter of the ruling prince: Maharajkumari Shri (personal name) Kanwarji Sahiba.

ORDERS & DECORATIONS:
None known.

RULES OF SUCCESSION:
Male primogeniture, with the right of adoption by the recognised head of the family on the failure of natural male heirs.

SOURCES:
A Short History of the Dungarpur State or, Western Bagar, from the earliest times to year 1909 AD. Pandit Thakur Prasad Misra and Kishori Lal Gupta, Calcutta, 1911.
Annual Administration of the Dungarpur State. 1909/10-1911/12. IOR/V/10, Oriental and India Office Collection, British Library, St Pancras, London.
Chiefs and Leading Families in Rajputana (The Ruling Princes, Chiefs and Leading Personages in Rajputana and Ajmer). Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta, 1894, 1903, 1912, 1916 and 1935.
Alexander Kinloch Forbes. Ras-Mala, Hindu Annals of Western India, with particular reference to Gujarat. Heritage Publishers. New Delhi, 1973.
Memoranda on The Indian States 1940 (Corrected up to the 1st January 1940). Manager of Publication, Government of India, Delhi, 1940.
Mahamahopadhyaya Rai Bahadur Gaurishankar Hirachand Ojha. The History of Rajputana. Vol III. Part I. History of the Dungarpur State. Vedic Yantralaya, Ajmer, 1936.
The Rajputana Gazetteer. Volume I. Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta, 1879.
Report on the Administration of the Dungarpur State. 1912/13-1927/28, 1933/34-1943/44. IOR/V/10, Oriental and India Office Collection, British Library, St Pancras, London.
The Ruling Princes. Chiefs and Leading Personages in the Western India States Agency, 1st edition. Rajkot, 1928.
The Ruling Princes. Chiefs and Leading Personages in the Western India States Agency, 2nd edition. Manager of Publications, Delhi, 1935.
K.K. Sehgal. Rahasthan Disrict Gazetteers: Dungarpur. Government of Rajasthan, 1974.
Thacker's Indian Directory, Thacker's Press & Directories, Ltd., Calcutta 1863-1956.
A. Vadivelu, The Ruling Chiefs, Nobles & Zamindars of India. G.C. Loganadham Bros., Madras, 1915.

SPECIAL ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:
Father Lawrence Ober, SJ.
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CopyrightęChristopher Buyers, April 2004 - May 2011