1901 - 1926 H.H. Sikander Saulat, Iftikhar ul-Mulk, Nawab Sultan Kaikhusrau Jahan Begum Sahiba, Nawab Begum of Dar ul-Iqbal-i-Bhopal, GCSI (1.1.1910), GCIE (24.6.1904), CI (1.12.1911), GBE (c. 27.12.1917). b. at Bhopal, 9th July 1858, only surviving child of H.H. Nawab Sultan Shah Jahan Begum Sahiba, Nawab Begum of Dar ul-Iqbal-i-Bhopal, GCSI, CI, by her first husband, General H.H. Nasir ud-Daula, Nawab Baqi Muhammad Khan Bahadur, Umrao Dulha, Nusrat Jang, educ. privately. Installed as Heir Apparent at the Fort, Bhopal 16th November 1868. Succeeded on the death of her mother, 16th June 1901. Installed on the musnaid at the Sardar Manzil, Bhopal, 4th July 1901. Attended the Coronation of the King-Emperor George V and Queen-Empress Mary at Westminster Abbey in London 1911. Founded several important educational institutions and introduced free compulsory primary education in 1918. Established an Executive and Legislative Council 1922. A great reformer, like her mother and grandmother, she reformed taxation, the army, police, the judiciary and jails, expanded agriculture, and constructed extensive irrigation and public works. She established an appointed state council and legislative assembly, and instigated elections for municipalities. She had a particular interest in public instruction, particularly female education, building technical institutes and schools, and improving the supply of qualified teachers. However, her main legacy is public health, by pioneering widespread inoculation and vaccination programmes, improving sanitation, hygiene and the water supply. Chancellor Aligarh Muslim University 1920-1930. Presdt All-India Muslim Ladies Conference 1914, Prince of Wales Club, etc. Chief Patron King Edward Museum, Bhopal Public Library, Alexandra High Sch, Alexandra Nobles’ Sch, Sultania Girls’ Sch, Asifia Training Sch, etc. Abdicated in favour of her only surviving son, 29th April 1926. Author of “Hidayat uz-Zaujan”, “Sabil ul-Jinan”, “Tandurusti (Health”, “Bachchon-ki-Parwarish”, “Hidayat Timardari”, “Maishat-o-Moashirat”, “Rauzat-ul-Rayahin”, “Akhtar-i-Iqbal”, “Tazkira-i-Baqui”, “Hayat-i-Qudsi” (1918), etc. Rcvd: KIH silver medal (1877), Delhi Durbar gold medals (1903 & 1911), Coron medal (1911), DGBStJ (17.3.1916), and the Imperial Order of Nobility (Nishan-i-Majidi) 1st class in brilliants of Turkey (20.8.1911). m. at Shaukat Mahal, Bhopal, 1st February 1874, H.H. ‘Ali Jah, Ihtisham ul-Mulk, Nasir ud-Daula, Nawab Ahmad ‘Ali Khan Bahadur, Sultan Dulha Sahib, Nawab Consort of Bhopal (b. at Lohari-Jalalabad, Muzaffarnargar dist, UP, January 1854; d. at Sadar Manzil Palace, Bhopal, 4th January 1902, bur. Hayat Afza Gardens), granted the personal titles of Nasir ud-Daula and Sultan Dulha Sahib 1st February 1874, and those of ‘Ali Jah and Ihtisham ul-Mulk from the Queen-Empress Victoria together with the style of His Highness and a personal salute of 17-guns, 4th July 1901, rcvd: KIH silver medal (1877), only son of Baqi Muhammad Khan, of Jallalabad, by his wife, Muhammadi Begum, sister of Aftab ‘Ali Khan. She d. at Qasr-e-Sultani Palace, Bhopal, 12th May 1930 (bur. there near the grave of Pir Zia ud-din), having had issue, three sons and two daughters:
1) Colonel ‘Ali Jah, Nawab Hafiz Sir Muhammad Nasru’llah Khan Sahib, Wali Ahad Bahadur, KCSI (5.6.1920). b. at Hamid Manzil, Bhopal, 3rd December 1876, educ. privately. Recognised as Heir Apparent with the title of Wali Ahad Bahadur and granted a personal salute of 9-guns, 2nd October 1901. Hon Maj IA 14/6/1912, Hon Col 9th Bhopal Infantry, IA 1/1/1918-1922, Hon Col 4th (Bhopal) Btn, 16th Punjab Regiment 1922-1924, Col-in-Chief Waliahad’s Own Infantry 1922-1924. MEC Bhopal 1922-1924, Chief Conservator of Forests 1924. Rcvd: Delhi Durbar silver medals (1903 & 1911). m. m. (first) at the Gauhar Mahal, Bhopal, 17th January 1902, Kaiser Dulhan Begum Sahiba (d. at Bhopal, before 1955), née Shamsudhuha Begum, daughter of Sardar Wilayat ‘Ali Khan, by his wife, Chanda Begum Sahiba, only daughter of Mian Baqi Muhammad Khan. m. (second) at Bhopal, 1920, Shaukat Mahal Begum Sahiba. He d. from advanced diabetes, at Eidgarh Kothi, Bhopal, 3rd September 1924, having had issue, two sons and one daughter
a) Sikander Jah, Nawabzada Muhammad Habibu’llah Khan Bahadur, Birjis Dulha Sahib. b. at Shaukat Mahal, Bhopal, 2nd December 1903 (s/o Kaiser Dulhan), educ. privately and at Bombay Univ. m. at Poona, 1930 (a few days before his death), Feroza Dulhan Begum Sahiba [Nawab Jan] (b. at Bombay, 20th September 1906. She became ca 1934, Begam Shri Paswanji Sahiba to Colonel H.H. Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Shri Himmat Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Idar, and later m. at Bombay, 1949, as his second wife, Captain Stanley Johnstone Thomson, CIE, RIN, and d. at Knightsbridge, London, 10th January 2001), Dir Ferson Investment Co Ltd until 1968, daughter of D. Wadia, a Parsi gentleman from Bombay. He d.s.p. from a malignant attack of tuberculosis at Poona, June 1930.
b) Nawabzada Muhammad Rafiqu’llah Khan (s/o Kaiser Dulhan). b. at Shaukat Mahal, Bhopal, 8th May 1905, educ. Page to the Vicereine, Lady Hardinge, at the Delhi Durbar, 1911. m. at Bhopal, Naheed Jahan Begum Sahiba, second daughter of Ali Janab, Sardar Mian Sa’adat Muhammad Khan, by his wife, a daughter of Sardar Wilayat ‘Ali Khan, of the Jalalabadi clan. He d. 1942.
a) Nawabzada Muhammad Wahid uz-Zafar Khan Bahadur. b. at Shamla Kothi, Bhopal, 26th February 1905, educ. privately. Page-of-Honour to the King-Emperor at the Delhi Durbar, 1911. m. at Qasr-e-Sultani Palace, Ahmedabad, Bhopal, January 1922, Sheher Banu Begum Sahiba (b. ca. 1908; d. at Qasr-e-Sultani Palace, Ahmedabad, Bhopal, 17th May 1922), educ privately and at Sikandaria Girls Sch., Ahmedabad, Bhopal, daughter of a nobleman from Bhopal. He d.s.p. (shot himself in the temple) at Shamla Kothi, Bhopal, 5th June 1922.
b) Lieutenant-Colonel Fakhr ul-Mulk, Nawabzada Muhammad Said uz-Zafar Khan Bahadur. b. at Jahan Numa Palace, Bhopal, 17th January 1907, educ. privately. Cmsnd as 2nd-Lieut. Bhopal Sultania Infantry 10/9/1925, attached 1st Btn, The Black Watch 1931-1932, attached to the staff AHQ Mhow, 1932-1933, Military Sec to the Nawab 1934-1935, Maj and Cdt Bhopal Sultania Infantry 25/4/1935-1936. Rcvd: Silver Jubilee (1935) and Coron (1937) medals. m. (first) by proxy at Sadar Manzil Palace, Bhopal, 18th June 1926 (nikah) Nawabzadi Dur-i-Taj Nur Jahan Begum Sahiba (b. at Eidgarh Kothi, Bhopal, 1921; d. at Bhopal, 1928), only daughter of his paternal uncle, Colonel ‘Ali Jah, Nawab Hafiz Sir Muhammad Nasru’llah Khan Sahib Bahadur, KCSI, by his wife, Kaiser Dulhan Begum Sahiba, daughter of Sardar Wilayat ‘Ali Khan. m. (second) at Bombay, 23rd May 1936 (div.), Meherban Nawabzadi Shahanoor Jahan Begum Sahiba [Begum Pasha] (b. 4th October 1914; m. second (div.), Colonel Mirza Sikander ‘Ali Baig, and d. from diabetic complications at a nursing home in Trinidad, 1997), eldest daughter of Major Meherban Nawab ‘Abdu’l Majid Khan Sahib Bahadur, Dilair Jang, Nawab of Savanur, CBE, by his wife, Meherban Nawab Khaliq un-nisa Begum Sahiba, eldest daughter of Brigadier Mumtaz Yar ud-Daula, Nawab Mumtaz ‘Ali Khan Bahadur, Mumtaz Yar Jang, sometime cdt the Nizam of Hyderabad’s Sharf-i-Khas Troops. He d. before 1960, having had issue, an only daughter by his second wife:
i) Sahibzadi Anwar Zia Sultan Begum [Usham Mathur]. b. April/May 1937 (d/o Shahanoor Jahan). Settled in Trinidad. m. at the Birla Temple, Delhi (Hindu rite), 22nd August 1960, Colonel Mahendra Nath Mathur (b. at Aligarh, 1932), educ. DC Coll, Aligarh Muslim Univ, National Defence Acad, Dehra Dun, and Defence Services Staff Coll, Wellington, cmsnd. 2nd Lieut Corps of Engineers IA 8/11/1953, OC 10 Field Coy, 625 Corps Eng Regt 1964-1965, OC 4 Eng Regt 1967-1968, OC 1 Ttng Btn 1969-1972, SO I Engineers (Ops) 1972, retd 1975, Engineer Trinidad & Tobago 1976, Dir National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) retd 1998, author of “Remembrances of My Indian Past” 2003), “Venice of the Caribbean”(2005), etc, second son of Amar Nath Mathur, a zamindar from Aligarh, UP, by his wife, Kamla. She had issue, one son and two daughters.
c) Colonel Yamin ul-Mulk, Imad ud-Daula, Nawabzada Muhammad Rashid uz-Zafar Khan Bahadur. b. at Jahan Numa Palace, Bhopal, 27th November 1907, educ. privately and at Aligarh Muslim Univ (BA 1931) and OTC, Indore. Cmsnd as 2nd-Lieut IA, GSO “Q” Branch at Agra, served in WW2 1940-1945 with army inspectorate in Egypt, Cyprus, Syria, Palestine, Iraq and Persia 1943-1944, GSO Bhopal State Forces 1944, Chief of Staff 1944-1945, Deputy Chief Minister and Minister for Commerce, Industry, Supplies and Labour 1948-1949. Granted a sanad dated 23rd February 1949 for a lifetime jagir of seventy two villages yielding an income of Rs. 117,745 p.a. Contested the succession on the death of his uncle, 4th February 1960. The GOI eventually ruling against him, 13th January 1961. Mbr Court of Aligarh Muslim Univ. Vice-Cdre Bhopal Yacht Club. Presdt Bhopal Hockey Assoc. Vice-Presdt Indian Hockey Fdn. Vice-Patron Hockey Assoc of All-India, Obaidullah Khan Hockey Tournament, etc. Dir Bhopal Stud & Agricultural Farm (P) Ltd 1939-1961. Translator of “Tazkira-i-Baqi” (1929). Rcvd: Silver Jubilee (1935), Coron (1937) medals, 39/45 and Africa stars, British War, Defence and Indian GS medals (1945). m. (first) at Qasr-e-Sultani Palace, Ahmedabad, Bhopal, January 1936 (div. February 1940) Nawabzadi Qamar-i-Taj Dulhan Rabia Sultan Begum Sahiba [Begum Yamin ul-Mulk] (b. at Qasr-e-Sultani Palace, Ahmedabad, Bhopal, 21st November 1916; d. at Bhopal, February 2001), youngest daughter of his paternal uncle, Major-General H.H. Sikander Saulat, Iftikhar ul-Mulk, Haji Nawab Hafiz Muhammad Hamidu’llah Khan Bahadur, Nawab of Dar ul-Iqbal-i-Bhopal, GCSI, GCIE, CVO, KStJ, by his first wife, H.H. Nawab Maimuna Sultan Shah Banu Begum Sahiba, daughter of Shahzada Humayun. m. (second) at Jhansi, UP, 6th July 1945, Sahibzadi Suraiya Khurshid Begum Sahiba [Begum Suraiya Rashid], Mbr Obaidullah Khan Scholarship Trust 1973, Royal Western India Turf Club (RWITC), Western India Race Horse Owners’ Assoc, etc, Dir Bhopal Stud & Agricultural Farm (P) Ltd 1962-1968, eldest daughter of Sahibzada Khurshid Ahmad Khan, of Kunjpura, in the Karnal district of Haryana, sometime Chief Cmsnr Ajmer-Merwara and Delhi, by his wife, Rafia Begum, daughter of Sahibzada Samiu’llah Khan, of Bareilli, UP. He d. at Bhopal, 25th August 1961, having had issue, two sons and two daughters by his second wife:
i) Sahibzada Nadir Rashid Khan. b. at Jahan Numa Palace, Bhopal, 1951, educ. Sherwood Coll, Nainital, and Sydenham Coll of Commerce & Economics, Bombay. Chair Jehan Numa Palace Hotel Pvt Ltd since 1983 (Dir since 1972). MD of Shamla Construction & Investment Co Pvt Ltd since 1986. Dir Bhopal Stud & Agricultural Farm (P) Ltd 1962-2005, etc. Patron General Obaidullah Khan Gold Cup Hockey Tournament. Mbr Royal Western India Turf Club (RWITC), Western India Race Horse Owners’ Assoc, etc. m. Sahibzadi Sonia Begum Rashid (b. at Lahore, Punjab, 29th December 19xx), educ. Convent of Jesus & Mary, Murree, and Aitcheson Coll, Lahore, Punjab, Dir Jehan Numa Palace Hotel Pvt Ltd since 2002, daughter of Jamal Khan. He had issue, two sons and a daughter:
(1) Sahibzada Zafar Rashid Khan. b. at Bhopal, 1986, educ. Lawrence Sch, Lovedale, Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, and Glion Inst of Higher Education, Lausanne, Switzerland. Mngr (Athlete Development) with GoSports (India) Pvt Ltd 2008- 2010, Marketing Mngr Jehan Numa Palace Hotel Pvt Ltd since 2010. m. at Bhopal, 28th October 2014, Saba Sait Rashid.
(2) Sahibzada Fazal Rashid Khan, educ. Lawrence Sch, Lovedale, Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, Mahindra United World Coll, Pune, Middlebury Language Coll, Middlebury, Vermont, USA, and Colby Coll & Univ, Waterville, Maine, USA. Editor Vintage Books at Random House India.
ii) Sahibzada Yawar Rashid Khan. b. at Jahan Numa Palace, Bhopal, 1953. Dir Bhopal Stud & Agricultural Farm (P) Ltd 1962-2005, Jehan Numa Palace Hotel Pvt Ltd 1983-2012, Shamla Construction & Investment Co Pvt Ltd 1986-2012, State Bank of India 1993-2012, etc. Patron General Obaidullah Khan Gold Cup Hockey Tournament. Regional Representative Indian Heritage Hotels Assoc (Bhopal). Mbr Royal Western India Turf Club (RWITC), Western India Race Horse Owners’ Assoc, etc. m. Sahibzadi Aftab Banu Begum [Bano Rashid] (b. at Karachi, Pakistan, 26th April 1959), MD Jehan Numa Palace Hotel Pvt Ltd since 1985. He d. from pancreatic cancer, at Bombay, 29th May 2012 (bur. Bhopal), having had issue, two sons:
(1) Sahibzada Faiz Rashid Khan. b. at Bhopal, 1982, educ. The Lawrence Sch, Lovedale, Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, and the Macquarie Graduate Sch of Management, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Employed with Taj Mahal Hotel Group, Bombay. Partner Mngr Reni Pani Jungle Lodge since 2009. Addl Dir Jehan Numa Palace Hotel Pvt Ltd since 2013. m. at Karachi, Pakistan, 15th February 2014, Shezraé Begum, educ. Hampshire Coll & Univ, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA, from Karachi, Pakistan, daughter of Saleem Aziz, of Karachi, Sind, Pakistan. He has issue, a son:
(a) Sahibzada Nael Rashid Khan. b. 16th June 2015.
(2) Sahibzada ‘Aly Rashid Khan. b. b.at Bhopal, 14th June 1985, educ. The Lawrence Sch, Lovedale, Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, and in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Partner Mngr Reni Pani Jungle Lodge since 2009. m. 9th January 2014, Shefali Begum [Shefali Aly Rashid] (b. at Bombay, 17th December 1983), singer and song writer, daughter of Joe Alvarez, popular singer and recording artist, by his wife, Connie. He has issue, a daughter:
(a) Sahibzadi Alizeh. b. 18th July 2015.
i) Sahibzadi Mahbano Begum Sahiba [Mahbano Begum Ali]. b. at Poona, 28th May 1946, educ. All Saints’ Sch, Nainital, and Canaid Coll, Lahore. Dir Bhopal Stud & Agricultural Farm (P) Ltd 1962-1968, and Bal Bhavan Sch, Bhopal. m. 1967, Sahibzada Faruq ‘Ali Khan (b. at Bhopal, 10th January 1934; d. June 1995), educ. Daly Coll, Indore, RIMC, Dehra Dun, and Aligarh Muslim Univ, FICA (England & Wales), Partner A. F. Ferguson & Co (Bombay), Finance Sec ARAMCO (KSA), Dir Bal Bhavan Sch (Bhopal), son of Ali Qadar Syed Mashuq ‘Ali, of Allahabad, sometime Sec of the Sharf-i-Khas of Nawab Hamidu’ llah Khan, of Bhopal, by his wife, Mubaraq un-nisa Begum, daughter of Mian Syed Qumar ‘Ali, of Bhopal, from a family originally from Samarkand, Bukhara. She d. at Kensington, London, 2nd April 1987, having had issue, three sons:
(1) Sahibzada Omar Faruq ‘Ali. b. at Bombay, 26th July 1968, educ. Daly Coll, Indore, and Bombay Univ. Dir Bal Bhavan Sch, Bhopal. m. (first) 1995 (div. October 2011), Farha Saulat, daughter of Alamgir Saulat, by his wife, Shenaz Begum, of Bhopal. m. (second) 19th May 2014, Begum Anjali (b. 24th January 1972), educ. Sophia Coll, Ajmer, Rajasthan, née Rajkumari Baiji Lal Yogeshwari Kumari Devi [Anjali Bhati], former wife of Maharaj Shri Prithvi Raj Singhji, of Idar, and second daughter of Maharaj Sri Chandravir Singh Sahib Bahadur, of Jaisalmer, by his wife, Rani Renuka Devi Sahiba [Renuka Bhati], daughter of Dr Madan Gopal Sarin, neurosurgeon at Sawai Man Singh (SMS) Hospital, Jaipur. He had issue, two daughters by his first wife:
(a) Sahibzadi Meher-Bano ‘Ali Khan. b. at Bombay, 10th January 1998 (d/o Farha), educ. Mayo Coll Girls’ Sch, Ajmer, Rajasthan, and Welham Girls’ Sch, Dehradun.
(b) Sahibzadi Zehra ‘Ali Khan. b. at Bombay, 29th December 2002 (d/o Farha), educ. Welham Girls’ Sch, Dehradun.
(2) Sahibzada Raashid ‘Ali. b. at Bombay, 13th August 1972, educ. Daly Coll, Indore, and Sydenham Coll of Commerce & Economics (B.Com. Hons 1993), Bombay Univ. FCA Inst of Chartered Accountants of India, CA with A. F. Ferguson & Co (Bombay) 1997, KPMG Dubai 1997-2003, Financial Consultant to PepsiCo International in the Lebanon, Jordan and Saudi Arabia 2003-2006, Ops Dir Yum Restaurants International 2006-2008, Finance Dir Tatweer 2008-2009, CFO Al Jomaih Automotive Co 2009-2011, CFO Damac Properties Co LLC 2011, Dir The Curry House Foods Pvt Ltd since 2013. m. 20th February 1999, Ayesha Begum (b. 25th July 1971), educ. St Mary’s Sch, Pune, NM Coll of Commerce & Economics (B.Com.), and Univ of Buckingham (M.Sc. Service Mngmt.), Head of Quality (Strategic Planning) at Commercial Bank of Dubai until 2003, daughter of Shuja’at ‘Ali Khan, of Hyderabad, by his wife, Gina Begum. He has issue, two sons and a daughter:
(a) Zoya ‘Ali. b. at Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 4th March 2006.
(b) Ayan ‘Ali. b. 2009.
(a) Ryka ‘Ali. b. at Beirut, Lebanon, 22nd July 2004.
Sahibzadi Mahabano Begum ‘Ali, also adopted the son of Mian Sarwar ‘Ali Khan Afridi, by his wife, Zubaida Khatoon, daughter of Mian Maqsud ‘Ali Khan, of the Jalalabadi clan – see ablove.
ii) Sahibzadi Niloufer Begum Sahiba [Niloufer Rashiduzzaffar Khan], educ. All Saints’ Sch, Nainital. Dir Bhopal Stud & Agricultural Farm (P) Ltd 1962-2005, Jahan Numa Palace Hotel Pvt Ltd since 1972. Mbr Royal Western India Turf Club (RWITC), Western India Race Horse Owners’ Assoc, etc. m. Sahibzada Kazim ‘Ali Khan (b. 1st September 1935), second son of Sahibzada Sajid ‘Ali Khan, of Rampur. She has issue, a daughter – see India (Rampur).
d) Nawabzada Muhammad Hamid uz-Zafar Khan. b. at Bhopal.
a) Nawabzadi Shamsa-i-Taj Bia Birjis Jahan Begum Sahiba. b. at Sadar Manzil Palace, Bhopal, 16th May 1903, educ. privately. She d. at Qasr-e-Sultani Palace, Ahmedabad, Bhopal, after failing to recover from a stomach operation, 1913.
3) Al-Haj Nawabzada Hafiz Muhammad Hamidu’llah Khan, who succeeded as H.H. Sikander Saulat, Iftikhar ul-Mulk, Al-Haj Nawab Hafiz Muhammad Hamidu’llah Khan Bahadur, Nawab of Dar ul-Iqbal-i-Bhopal - see below.
1) Sahibzadi Bilqis Jahan Muzaffar Begum Sahiba. b. at Hamid Manzil, Bhopal, 25th October 1875, educ. privately at Taj Mahal, Shahjahanbad. She d. at Hamid Manzil, Bhopal, 23rd December 1887 (bur. Hayat Afza Gardens).
2) Sahibzadi Asif Jahan Begum Sahiba. b. at Sardar Manzil Palace, Bhopal, 5th August 1880. She d. at Bhopal, 22nd July 1894 (bur. Hayat Afza Gardens).