BHARATPUR

BRIEF HISTORY

The Royal House of Bharatpur traces their history to the 11th Century AD. They claim descent, as Jadon Rajputs, from Sind Pal, common ancestor with the House of Karauli. Than Pal, twelfth in descent from Sind Pal, left several sons, including Dharam Pal, the eldest son and progenitor of Karauli. Madan Pal, the third son of Than Pal, being ancestor of Bharatpur. His descendant, Bal Chand or Balchandra of Siansini, having no issue by his wife, took a Jat lady as a concubine, by whom he had two sons named Birad (Bijji) and Surad (Sijji). Birad was the ancestor of Thakur Khanu Chand, with whom we treat.
 

The descendants of Khanu Chand became leaders of the Jat race and rose to considerable power during the Mughal decline in the late seventeenth century. Badan Singh extended his territories and received enhanced titles and honours. The power of the Jats reached its zenith under Suraj Mal, Badan Singh's nephew, stepson, adopted son and successor. He conquered a vast territory in north central India, including the Imperial cities of Agra and Delhi. Thereafter the Jats proved fickle allies, making and breaking alliances with the Mughals, Mahrattas and the British. Losing territory to all three, but also gaining Deeg in the process. The British, under Lord Lake, fruitlessly besieged the fort of Bharatpur twice in 1804 and 1805, eventually settling for a treaty of protection after the failure of the second siege. The fort eventually fell to Lord Combermere's forces in 1826, after the British intervened to unseat a usurper, and demolished. Thereafter, Jats proved to be great allies, supplying large numbers of recruits for the Indian Army and the Maharajas participating in Imperial campaigns. The state acceded to the Dominion of India in August 1947, and merged into the Matsya Union in 1948 (absorbed into Rajasthan in 1949). Members of the ruling family continue to participate in national and regional affairs, in post-independence India. Several members of the family have served as members of parliament and in the state legislature.

CLAN:
Sinsinwar clan of Jats.

SALUTE:
17-guns (hreditary), 19-guns (local).

ARMS:
Or a castle gules, on a chief azure a cow argent. Helmet: Argent. Crest: Elephant's head coupé. Supporters: Elephants proper. Motto: "Sri Lakshmanji Sahai". Lambrequins: or and gules.

STYLES & TITLES:
The ruling prince: Maharaja Shri Brijendra Sawai (personal name) Singhji Bahadur Jang, Maharaja of Bharatpur, with the style of His Highness.
The principal consort of the ruling prince: Maharani Sri (personal name) Sahiba, Maharani of Bharatpur, with the style of Her Highness.
The other wives of the ruling prince: Maharani Sri (personal name) Sahiba.
The widows of a ruling prince, who had issue by him: Maharani Sri Maaji (personal name) Sahiba.
The Heir Apparent: Yuvraj Sri (personal name) Singhji Bahadur Sahib.
The consort of the Heir Apparent: Yuvrani Sri (personal name) Sahiba.
The younger sons of the ruling prince, during the lifetime of their father: Maharajkumar Sri (personal name) Singhji Bahadur Sahib.
The younger sons of the ruling prince, after the death of their father: Raja Sri (personal name) Singhji Bahadur Sahib.
The wives of the younger sons of the ruling prince: Rani Sri (personal name) Sahiba.
The daughters of the ruling prince: Maharajkumari Sri Bibiji (personal name) Sahiba.
The grandsons of the ruling prince, in the male line, and during the lifetime of their father: Rajkumar Sri (personal name) Singhji Sahib.
The grand daughters of the ruling prince, in the male line: Rajkumari Sri Bibiji (personal name) Sahiba.
The grandsons of the ruling prince, in the male line, and their male line descendants, after the death of their father and for three generations: Raja Sri (personal name) Singh*.
The consorts of the grandsons of the ruling prince, in the male line, and their male line descendants, after the death of their father and for three generations: Rani Sri (personal name) Sahiba.
Other male descendants of the ruling prince, in the male line: Kanwar (personal name) Singh.
The consorts of other male descendants, in the male line: Kunwarani (personal name) Sahiba.
Other female descendants of the ruling prince, in the male line: Bibiji (personal name).
*This title and rule applies to the younger sons and descendants of Maharaja Shri Brijendra Sawai Sir Kishan Singhji. Those lines descended from previous rulers enjoy the title of Rao Raja instead of Raja.

RULES OF SUCCESSION:
Male primogeniture, with the right of adoption, by the recognised head of the family, on the failure of natural heirs.

ORDERS & DECORATIONS:
The Most Eminent Brijendra Order: founded by Maharaja Kishan Singhji in October 1925. Awarded in four classes, with various titles of honour attached to each class.
 

Copyright© Tony McClenaghan

The Brijendra Order- Fourth Class

The Girraj Order: founded as a military decoration by Maharaja Kishan Singhji in 1925. Awarded in two classes (gold: Kul Bhusan or Samar Bir, and silver: Raj Bakht).

SOURCES:
Chiefs and Leading Families in Rajputana, Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta, 1894, 1903 and 1916.
Major H.E. Drake-Brockman. A Gazetteer of Eastern Rajputana, comprising the native states of Bharatpur, Dholpur, & Karauli. Scottish Mission Industries Co. Ltd., Ajmer, 1905.
Kunj Bihari Lal Gupta. The Evolution of the Administration of the former Bharatpur State. Vidya Bhawan Publishers, Jaipur, 1959.
Tony McClenaghan. Indian Princely Medals: A record of the Orders, Decorations and Medals of the Indian Princely States. Lancer Publications, Spantech & Lancer, New Delhi, 1996.
Jwala Sahai. His Highness Maharaja Jaswant Singh Bahadur, GCSI of Bharatpur. Jwala Sahai, Bharatpur, 1914.

SPECIAL ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:
Joan Bos.
Parjanya Chaudhry.
Rao Raja Sri Raghuraj Singh.
Ravinder Singh
Kanwar Uday Singh, of Jubbal.
 
BHARATPUR 2 BHARATPUR 3 BHARATPUR 4 BHARATPUR 5 MAIN

I would be grateful to hear from anyone who may have changes, corrections or additions to contribute. If you do, please be kind enough to send me an e-mail using the contact details at:

CONTACT

Copyright©Christopher Buyers, March 2001 - October 2016