The ruling family are senior collateral descendants of the Asaf Jahi ruling family of Hyderabad. The founder of the Baoni branch being the infamous Mughal Grand Vizier, Asaf Jah, who blinded and imprisoned Ahmad Shah in 1754 and assassinated Alamgir II in 1759. He escaped punishment for his crimes by going on pilgrimage to Mecca. On his return, he allied himself with the Marathas, receiving Baoni and other villages in 1784 from 'Ali Bahadur, the illegitimate son of the Peshwa by a Muslim lady. The state became tributary to the HEIC in 1806, following the defeat of the Maratha confederacy. The capital was moved from Kalpi to Kadoura, soon afterwards. The little state acceded to the Dominion of India in 1947.
ARMS: Gules a fish embowed argent within a bordure vert charged with eight quatrefoils of the second. Crest: an armed hand (steel sleeve) holding a reed pen (light brown). Supporters: Otters proper. Motto: Al hukum lillah wal mulku lillah (to God's authority, and to God the world). Lambrequins: vert and argent.
A rectangular flag of five equal horizontal stripes of green, yellow, purple, black and white (top to bottom). STYLES AND TITLES:
The ruling prince: Azam ul-Umara, Imad ul-Mulk, Iftikhar ud-Daula, Nawab Sayyid (personal name) Khan Bahadur, Safdar Jang, Sahib-i-Jah, Mihin Sardar, Nawab of Baoni, with the style of His Highness.
The consort of the ruling prince: Nawab (personal name) Begum Sahiba, with the style of Her Highness.
The Heir Apparent: Nawabzada (personal name) Khan, Wali Ahad Bahadur*.
The younger sons and other male descendants of the ruling prince, in the male line: Sahibzada (personal name) Khan Bahadur*.
The daughters of the ruling prince: Nawab (personal name) Begum Sahiba.
The other female descendants of the ruling prince, in the male line: Sahibzadi (personal name) Begum Sahiba.
* In certain instances, junior male members of the ruling family were promoted to the title of Nawab.
SELECT GLOSSARY: Azam ul-Umara: Greatest of the Nobles. Imad ud-Daula: Pillar of the State. Mihin Sardar: greatest general, or chief. Rashid ul-Mulk: Director of the Country. Sahib-i-Jah: Lord, or Possessor of Dignity.
ORDERS & DECORATIONS:
RULES OF SUCCESSION:
C.U. Aitchison. A Collection of Treaties, Engagements and Sanads Relating to India and Neighbouring Countries. Vol. V Containing The Treaties, &c., Relating to the Central India Agency. Part II-Bundelkhand and Baghelkhand. Revised and continued up to the 1st June 1906 By the Authority of the Foreign Department. Superintendent Government Printing, India. Calcutta, 1909.
Christopher Armstead, Princely Pageant. Thomas Harmsworth Publishing, London, 1987.
Lewis Bentham Bowring, Bowring Collection. MSS. Eur. G.38, Oriental India Office Collection, British Library, London.
Lewis Bentham Bowring. Bowring Collection. MSS. Eur. G.38, Oriental India Office Collection, British Library, London.
The Chronology of Modern Hyderabad 1720-1890. The Central Records Office, Hyderabad Government, Hyderabad, 1954.
Index to Titles (1798-1835), As Recorded in the Alqabnamas or Books of Titles and Forms of Address. National Archives of India, New Delhi, 1980.
Major C. Eckford Luard, IA, MA (compiler). Chiefs and Leading Families in Central India. Government of India, Calcutta, 1916.
Rulers, Leading Families and Officials in the States of Central India, Fifth Edition. Manager of Publications, Delhi, 1935.
Ashirbadi Lal Srivastava. The First Two Nawabs of Oudh (A Critical Study Based on Oriental Sources), The Upper India Publishing House, Lucknow, 1933.
Father Lawrence Ober, SJ.
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