The Bagrationi (Bagration) Dynasty


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1716 - 1723 H.M. The Most High King Vakhtang Vl [Husain Quli Khan], by the will of our Lord, King of Kings, Master, Possessor and Sovereign of the Abkhazis, Kartvelians, Ranians, Kakhetians and the Armenians, Shirvanshah and Shahanshah, and the limits and regions of all the East and North, King of Kartli. b. 15th September 1675 o.s., second son of H.M. Levanti, King of Kartli, by his first wife, H.H. The Most Brilliant Princess Toutha, daughter of His Splendour The Pious Prince of High Rank Kaikhushru I Gurieli, Duke of the Guria, educ. privately. Appointed as Heir Apparent and granted Surami as his apanage, 1701. Administrator of Kartli September 1703-1708, Janisin (Viceroy) of Georgia 1708-1711 and 1712-1714. Invited by Husain Shah Safawi to Isfahan in 1712, he refused the offer of the throne on condition that he convert to Islam. Eventually gave in and converted, and was granted the Kingdom of Kartli together with the title of Husain Quli Khan, 1st June 1716. Arrested and confined. Restored to effective authority and allowed to return to Georgia in 1719. Crowned at the Cathedral of the Living Pillar, Mtzkheta, August 1719. Governor-General of Azerbaijan 1716 and 1720-1723, C-in-C of the Persian Armies 1716-1717 and 1720-1723, Cdr. of the Imperial Corps of Pages 1717. Introduced printing in the Georgian script for the first time in 1709. Restored the Cathedral of Zion at Tiflis and greatly embellished the Cathedral of the Living Pillar at Mtskheta. He reformed the administration, reasserted central authority, revised the legal code, erected irrigation works and converted wastelands to cultivation. Retired from Tiflis when the Turks invaded the city, May 1723. Deposed in favour of his brother, Jesse. By terms of the Treaty of Constantinople dated 12th July 1724, Russia recognised Turkish dominion over north-western Persia and Eastern Georgia. Accompanied by his family, his brother, his close comrades-in-arms and a retinue of 1,200, Vakgtang left for Russia on 15th July 1724 o.s. to seek help in freeing his country. Refused, he was allowed to settle at Presnia, a suburb of Moscow, and granted a monthly pension of 1,000 roubles. He received the style of The Most Serene Tsar and Highness, his wife that of The Most Serene Tsarina and Highness, his sons Tsaraevitch, daughters Tsarevna and grand children and their male posterity recognised as Kniaz of the Russian Empire, by the Emperor of Russia, 17th August 1725 o.s. A great scholar, poet, critic, translator and leader of intellectual life during the first quarter of the eighteenth century. Rcvd: Knt. of the Orders of St Andrew (18.7.1726), and St Alexander Nevski (30.8.1728) of Russia. m. in Imereti, 1696, H.M. The Most High Queen Rusudan (d. at Moscow, 30th December 1740 o.s.), daughter of Prince Quilchiko, Cherkez-Batoni and Lord of Little Kabardia. He d. at Astrakhan, 25th March 1737 o.s. (bur. Cathedral of the Assumption), having had issue, five sons and three daughters:
King Vakhtang, also had issue, several natural children, including:
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Copyright© Christopher Buyers, March 2003 - August 2008