KOKANG

The Yang Dynasty

GENEALOGY

Yang Gao Sho. b. at Nanking, China, 1622, from a military family in Liu Shui Wan, Da Shi Ban Chau. A succesful wu ju ren and military officer, he followed the last Ming Emperor into Yunnan in Southern China, after the advent of the Manchus. Settled in Shunling, 1657. m. at Dali, 1658, a daughter of a Tea merchant. He d. at Shunling, 1697, having had issue:
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1739 - 1758 Yang Shien Tsai (Cai), Chief of Shin Da Hu. b. at Shunling, 1685, son of Yang Ying, by his wife, a daughter of Yang Shu, educ. privately. Settled at Shin Da Hu (now Ta Shwe Htan). Established his rule over the surrounding area in 1739, after ridding the local people from badits. Introduced the first principles of law and government in the area. Established his capital at Kya Tzi Shu (Satishu) He d. at the Yamen, at Kya Tzi Shu, 1758 (bur. Lao Han-Ai), having had issue five sons:
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1758 - 1795 Yang Wei Shin [Xing], Chief of Kho Kan Shan, eldest son of Yang Shien Tsai (Cai), Chief of Shin Da Hu, educ. privatey. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1758. Expanded his domains tenfold, from those he inherited from his father. He d.1795 (bur. Lao Han-Ai), having had issue, two sons:
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1795 - 1840 Yang Yon Gen, Heng of Kokang. b. 1770, elder son of Yang Wei Shin [Xing], Chief of Kho Kan Shan, educ. privately. Cdr. of the militia during his father's reign. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1795. Changed the name of his territory to Kokang and assumed the title of Heng. He d. 1840, having had issue:
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1840 - 1874 Yang Guo Hwa, Heng of Kokang. b. 1814, eldest son of Yang Yon Gen, Heng of Kokang, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1840. He d. at Kya Tzi Shu, Kokang, 1874, having had issue, an only son:
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1874 - 1916 Yang Guo Zhen [Hkun Lu Kwan], Heng of Kokang, ATM (22.6.1897). b. 1840, youngest son of Yang Yon Gen, Heng of Kokang, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his elder brother, 1874. Came under British protection after China relinquished any jurisdiction over Kokang, 4th February 1897. Became blind and resigned in favour of his nephew, 1916. Rcvd: Delhi Durbar medals (1903 and 1911). m. (first) … m. (second) Lui Shi Siao Pin. He d. at Kya Tzi Shu, Kokang, 1919, having had issue, ten sons:
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1916 - 1927 Yang Chun Yon alias Yang Shwin Yong Tzu Ye [Cha-Tan-Shu] [Lao Lai], Myosa of Kokang, TDM (1.1.1921). b. at Kya Tzi Shu, Kokang, 1878, only son of Yang Guo Hwa, Heng of Kokang, educ. privately. Assisted his uncle in the administration of the state before his accession. Succeeded on his resignation, in accordance with the agreement with his father, 1916. Raised to the hereditary title of Myosa. m. several wives. He d. at the Yamen, Kya Diling, Kokang, 17th January 1927, having had issue, four sons and seven daughters:
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1927 - 1949 Colonel Sao Yang Wen Pin, Saopha of Kokang, OBE (c. 1.1.1946), TDM (1.1.1936). b. 1897, eldest son of Yang Shwin Yong Tzu Ye [Cha-Tan-Shu] [Lao Lai], Myosa of Kokang, TDM, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father as Myosa of Kokang, 17th January 1927. Installed at Kokang, 1929. Served in WW2 behind enemy lines 1941-1943 (rcvd: MID), deposed, arrested and imprisoned by the Kuomintang 1943-1944, later released and taken to India, where he worked with the Burmese government in exile 1944-1945. Returned to Kokang and resumed direct rule, October 1945. The State of Kokang was recognised as independent of Hsenwi North, 12th August 1947, thereafter assumed the hereditary title of Saopha, 25th August 1947. Col Kokang Self Defence Force 1942. Hon Col Chinese Army. Rcvd: Silver Jubilee medal (1935), Coron medal (1937), MID, 39/45 and Burma stars, British War and Defence (1945) medals, etc. m. (first) Chiang Chu Min, the Myosa Kadaw (b. at Zhenkhan, and m. the Myosa when she was aged fourteen). m. (second) Chiang Pi Ju. He d. 1949, having had issue, nine sons and six daughters:
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1949 - 1959 Sao Edward Yang Kyein Sai, Saopha of Kokang. b. at the Yamen, Kya Diling, Kokang, 1918, second and eldest surviving son of Colonel Sao Yang Wen Pin, Saopha of Kokang, OBE, TDM, educ. Anglo-Vernacular Sch, Lashio, Shan Chief's Sch, Taungyyi, and Rangoon Univ. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Ying Kwan, 1941. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1949. MHR Parliament of the Union of Burma 1947-1948, Minister for Finance of Shan State 1948, Mbr Union of Burma Chamber of Nationalities (Upper House) 1948-1950, Mbr Union of Burma Chamber of Deputies 1950, Burmese Delegate to the UN General Assembly in New York, 1950. Refused to surrender his powers to the Shan State and abdicated in favour of the people of Kokang instead, 17th May 1959. Retired to Lashio. Confined under house arrest by the military government of Burma 1963-1971. m. at Chanling, Yunan, 1941, Lu Shwin Kyin, Mahadevi (b. 1925; d. at Mayangon, Rangoon, 25th October 2007, bur. there at the Yayway Cemetery), styled Ying Tai 1941-1949, fifth daughter of Lu Shao Shin, sometime Sec of the Finance Ministry, Yunan Province, China, by his wife, Chang Ou Shin. He d. from cancer, at Lashio, 1971, having had issue, two sons and six daughters:
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END.
 
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