BRAZIL

The Bragança Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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[1891 - 1921] H.I.H. Princess Senhora Dona Isabel Cristina Leopoldina Augusta Michaela Gabriela Raphaela Gonzaga, Princess Imperial of Brazil. b. at the Palace of São Cristóvão, Quinta de Boa Vista, Rio de Janeiro, 29th June 1846, eldest daughter and heiress of H.M. Senhor Dom Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil, KG, by his wife, H.M. Empress Senhora Dona Thereza, educ. privately. Heiress Presumptive with the title of Princess Imperial of Brazil and the style of Her Imperial Highness 11th June 1847 to 19th July 1848, and from 10th January 1850 to 5th December 1891. She served Regent of the Empire during her father’s visits abroad 25th May 1871-31st March 1872, 20th March-28th September 1876, 30th June 1887-22nd August 1888. During her last regency, she signed the decree for the abolition of slavery in Brazil on 13th May 1888, freeing over 700,000 souls from perpetual servitude and earning herself the epiphet of A Redentora or ‘the redemptress’. Succeeded on the death of her father as Head of the Imperial House of Brazil and as Grand Mistress of the Imperial Orders of Dom Pedro I, the Cross of Brazil, and of the Rose, and of  the Military Orders of Christ, St Benedict of Aviz and St James of the Sword of Brazil, 5th December 1891. Rcvd: GC of the Military Orders of Christ, St Benedict of Aviz and St James of the Sword of Brazil, Dame of the Orders of St Isabel of Portugal, the Starry Cross of Austria, and Maria Luísa of Spain, DC of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, and recipient of the Papal Golden Rose. m. at the Cathedral of Nossa Senhora do Carmo, Rio de Janeiro, 15th October 1864, Marshal H.R.H. Prince Senhor Dom Luiz Filippe Maria Fernando Gastão de Orléans e Saxe-Coburgo, Prince of Brazil, Count d’Eu (b. at Neuilly-sur-Siene, France, 28th April 1842; d. at sea on board the Massilia when returning to Brazil to celebrate the centenary of independence, 28th August 1922, bur. at the Orléans Mausoleum, Royal Chapel of St Louis, Dreaux, France, and subsequently reburied at the Imperial Mausoleum, Cathedral of São Pedro de Alcântara, Petrópolis, Brazil, 12th May 1971), educ. privately and at the Artillery Officers’ Coll, Segovia, Spain, cmsnd into the 18th Regt of Cavalry "Caçadores de Albuera", Royal Spanish Army 22/12/1859, served in the Spanish-Moroccan War 1859-1860, trsnferred to 19th Regt of Cavalry "Princess’s Hussars" 11/1/1860, prom Lieut 24/3/1860, prom Capt of Cavalry 6/4/1863, Lieut 5th Regt of Artillery 7/4/1863, transferred to 3rd Regt of Artillery 29/8/1863, resigned 26/11/1863, appointed to the Brazilian service as Marshal of the Army 15/10/1864, Cmdt-Gen of the Imperial Artillery 19/11/1865, Counsellor of State 6/7/1870 (all until 15/11/1889), served in the Uruguay campaign 1865-1866, and as C-in-C of the forces during the Paraguay campaign 22/3/1869-15/3/1870, rcvd: GC of t he Imperial Orders of Dom Pedro I (15.10.1864), the Cross of Brazil (2.9.1864), and of the Rose (15.10.1864), and the Military Orders of Christ (15.10.1864), St Benedict of Aviz (15.10.1864) and St James of the Sword (15.10.1864) of Brazil, the Medal of Military Merit (20.2.1869), and the medals for the Paraguay and Uruguay campaigns of Brazil, Knt of the Orders of the Golden Fleece of Spain (1881), and St Hubert of Bavaria (1868), GC of the Ducal Saxe-Ernestine House Order (1865), and the Orders of Carlos III of Spain (4.1.1865), the Tower & Sword for Valour, Loyalty & Merit (25.1.1865), and the United Military Orders of Christ and St Benedict of Aviz (3.7.1865) of Portugal, the Royal Hungarian Order of St Stephen (1865), the Orders of the Mexican Eagle (10.3.1865), Leopold of Belgium (mil.) (3.2.1868), Legion of Honour of France (1879), and the Rising Sun of Japan, Knt 1st class of the Order of St Ferdinand (6.2.1860), and the African War Medal (12.2.1861) of Spain, elder son of Lieutenant-General H.R.H. Prince Louis Charles Philippe Raphael d’Orléans, Duke de Nemours, by his wife H.R.H. Princess Victoire Françeoise Antionette Julienne Louise d’Orléans, Duchess de Nemours, née Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess of Saxony, only daughter of General of Cavalry H.H. Duke Ferdi nand Georg August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony, GCB, GCH. She d. at Château d’Eu, France, 14th November 1921 (bur. there at the Orléans Mausoleum, Royal Chapel of St Louis, Dreaux, and subsequently reburied at the Imperial Mausoleum, Cathedral of São Pedro de Alcântara, Petrópolis, Brazil, 12th May 1971), having had issue, three sons and one daughter (recognised as Princes and Princesses of Orléans-Bragança, while in exile, 26th April 1909):
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