AFGHANISTAN

ORDERS & DECORATIONS

 

The Order of the Durrani Empire - 1st class, breast star.

Nishan-i-Daulat-i-Durrani (the Order of the Durrani Empire): founded by Shah Shuja in 1839 and awarded in three classes (1. Grand Cross, 2. Knight Commander, and 3. Companion). Closely moddeled on the military division of the British Order of the Bath and conferred on a number of officers of the Bengal Army. Became obsolete in 1842.
 

The Order of the Durrani Empire - 2nd class, breast star. (L) and sash badge (R).

 

The Order of the Supreme Sun (King Muhammad Zahir Shah)
Grand Collar, sash & sash badge, breast star, collar and collar badge.

Nishan-i-Almar (the Order of the Supreme Sun): founded by Amir Abdu'r Rahman ca. 1897, reformed and reorganised by King Habibu'llah Shah in 1901 and by King Amanu'llah in 1923. Awarded in two classes (1. Nishan-i-Almar-i-A'ala or Grand Collar, and 2. Nishan-i-Almar-i-Ali or Grand Cordon) and conferred by the King on his own initiative. The original insignia for the first class included a shamsa (breast star), paik (badge pendant), telgha (crest worn as an aigrette), ilaqa (collar or chain) and kosi (robe). The original insignia for the second class being similar, but without the collar. Remodelled by King Muhammad Zahir Shah in 1960 with a new ribbon and badge. Reorganised into a single class order during his exile in 1977. Copyrightę Christopher Buyers

Nishan-i-Sardari (the Order of the Leader): founded by King Amanullah in 1923, as a reward for exceptional services to the ruler and the nation. Awarded in two classes (1. Sardar-i-A'ala, and 2. Sardar-i-Ali) and conferred by the King on his own initiative. Made obsolete in 1929 and later revived by King Muhammad Zahir Shah. Recipients of the original order enjoyed the titles of Sardar-i-A'ala or Sardar-i-Ali before their names and received grants of land. The original insignia for the first class included a shamsa (breast star), paik (badge pendant), telgha (crest worn as an aigrette), and kosi (robe). Copyrightę Christopher Buyers

The Order of the Leader - First Class (civil) or Sardar-i-Ala, breast star (A) and sash badge (R).

The Order of the Leader- Second Class or Sardar-i-Ali, breast star military (L) and civil (R).

Nishan-i-Istiqlal (the Order of Independence): founded by King Habibu'llah Shah in 1911, reorganised by King Amanu'llah in 1924, retained and modified in 1929. Awarded in two divisions (crossed swords for war services and without swords for service in peacetime) and four classes. Copyrightę Christopher Buyers
 

The Order of Independence - Second Class, breast star.

Nishan-i-Astour (the Order of the Star): founded by Amir Abdu'r Rahman before 1901, as a reward for faithful services to the nation. Awarded in one class only. Recipients were entitled to grants of land. Later modified and expanded to include four classes by King Muhammad Zahir Shah. Copyrightę Christopher Buyers
 

The Order of the Star (King Muhammad Zahir Shah) - First Class, breast star (L) and sash badge (R).

Nishan-i-Wafa (the Order of Fidelity): founded by King Amanu'llah 1919, as a reward for loyal services to himself during his accession to power. Awarded in four classes, recipients being entitled to grants of land. Obsolete 1929.Copyrightę Christopher Buyers
Nishan-i-Loi Khan (the Order of National Service): founded by King Amanu'llah 1919, as a reward for patriotic services, the promotion of national unity and internal progress. Not awarded to foreigners. Recipients were entitled to grants of land.

The Order of National Service - First Class, breast star (L) and Third Class, badge (R).

Nishan-i-Shuja'at (the Order of Military Gallantry): founded by King Amanu'llah in 1919, as a reward for gallantry in the field. Extended to five classes in 1923.

The Order of Military Gallantry - breast badge.

Nishan-i-Kidmat (the Order of Service): founded by King Habibu'llah Shah before 1906, as a reward for faithful services to the nation. Awarded in one class and one medal.
Nishan-i-Hurmat (the Order of Esteem): founded before 1906. Awarded in one class only. Obsolete 1919.
Nishan-i-Bahadur-i-Afghania
(the Order of Afghan Honour): founded by Amir Abdu'r Rahman before 1901. Awarded in one class only. Obsolete 1919.
Nishan-i-Izzat-i-Afghania (the Order of Afghan Dignity): founded by Amir Abdu'r Rahman before 1901. Awarded in one class only. Obsolete 1919.
Nishan-i-Taj-i-Afghania (the Order of the Afghan Crown): founded by Amir Abdu'r Rahman before 1901. Awarded in one class only. Obsolete 1919.
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END.
 
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Copyrightę Christopher Buyers, October 2001 - July 2008